How can a close call cause PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder

The PTSD is not diagnosed until the symptoms persist for more than four weeks. This is because most people are initially very stressed after a severe event and it always takes a while to process such experiences. Complaints that occur immediately after a traumatic event are initially referred to as "acute stress reactions".

A post-traumatic stress disorder can be diagnosed by talking to a doctor or a psychotherapist. The main aim of these discussions is to find out how severe the symptoms are and how much they affect the current life situation. The living conditions such as family, work and living situation are recorded. Sometimes a self-assessment questionnaire is also filled out. For children, painting or playing can be a way of accessing their experiences.

A post-traumatic stress disorder can easily be overlooked, as physical injuries are in the foreground after serious accidents. In addition, some people do not associate their psychological complaints with stressful events from the past. Another reason is that it can be very difficult to talk about certain events and problems at first. Developing mutual trust is therefore very important for the diagnosis.

The diagnostic discussions are conducted very carefully. The experience itself is only touched upon - it is not necessary to report in more detail about it.

Traumatic experiences can also trigger other mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety disorders. Therefore, they too must be taken into account.