Taxes are really our biggest expense

The 12 Biggest Tax Sources in the State

Last week the blog was about three-digit million amounts, today we are really going into full force. We once looked how the state - i.e. the federal government, states and municipalities - get their money. Read here which twelve top taxes these are - and how they are divided up in each case. Finally, there is a source of income that you can work on yourself. So one that you can personally take a little piece of.

The federal, state and local governments collected around 735 billion euros in taxes in 2017. By the way, that was again more than in the previous year, the increase compared to 2016 was almost 29 billion euros. But what were the main sources of taxation? Here are our top 12.

12th place: vehicle tax 8.9 billion euros

The motor vehicle tax has been a federal tax since 2009. Before that it was a state tax. Income has been in the range of 8.5 and 9 billion euros for a number of years.

11th place: real estate transfer tax 13.1 billion euros

This is a pure state tax. As the name suggests, it is due when purchasing a piece of land (or part of it). The income from real estate transfer tax has risen regularly in recent years, which is partly due to the fact that almost all federal states have raised the tax rate several times.

10th place: insurance tax 13.3 billion euros

It also rises annually, but not as much as the real estate transfer tax. It's a federal tax.

9th place: Tobacco tax 14.4 billion euros

Probably there are fewer smokers or they smoke less. The income from the tobacco tax has been around 14 billion euros for 15 years, to which the federal government alone is entitled. Of course, and not only smokers know that, the tax rate has been increased regularly, which is clearly reflected in the prices in the store.

8th place: solidarity surcharge of 18.0 billion euros

Good old Soli made it to number 8. He should finally be bothered in the next few years, after the income from solos has increased significantly over the past few years. The solos are also a federal tax.

7th place: Not assessed taxes on earnings 20.9 billion euros

That means the capital and interest withholding taxes, which are paid directly from the bank to the tax office. The federal and state governments share the income half half.

6th place: corporate income tax 29.3 billion euros

This sum is also shared “fraternally” by the federal and state governments. In the past eight years, revenues have more than tripled.

5th place: business tax 40.0 billion euros

That is roughly the sum that is exclusively due to the municipalities. Actually, the income is even more than 50 billion euros, but the municipalities have to pay part of the trade tax apportionment to the federal and state governments. And as the economy is booming, business tax revenues are also increasing.

4th place: Energy tax 41.0 billion euros

This is the successor to the good old mineral oil tax, it now includes all conceivable types of energy. The revenue is due to the federal government and has been around 40 billion euros for almost 15 years.

3rd place: assessed income tax 59.4 billion euros

All taxes are summarized here, for which you have to submit a declaration and the tax office issues a tax assessment. This community tax only knows one direction in terms of income: steeply upwards. The federal government (42.5 percent), the states (42.5 percent) and the municipalities (15 percent) are happy about this.

2nd place: wage tax 195.5 billion euros

Here, too, the tax authorities have been happy about increasing revenues for several years. They are divided as in 3rd place: the federal and state governments each receive 42.5 percent, the municipalities 15 percent.

1st place: Taxes on sales 226.4 billion euros

The front runner immediately brings a question mark. Because why doesn't it just say sales tax here? Well, there is sales tax (170.5 billion euros) and import sales tax (55.9 billion euros). Together they are the taxes on sales. This value has also increased by more than 9 billion compared to 2016. The division between the federal, state and local governments shifts a little year after year. In 2017, the federal government received 114.8 billion euros (50.7 percent), the states 105.5 billion euros (46.6 percent) and the municipalities 6 billion euros (2.7 percent).

With so many figures, one last one: 500 million euros remain in the treasury each year because many taxpayers fail to file their tax returns. It shouldn't stay that way, should it? Just do it, that's the smart tax motto. And if you want to know more, just take another look at last week's blog entry. It also says why.

As a tax law attorney, Stefan himself understands the laws that make her own authors despair. In doing so, he refutes the rumor that lawyers cannot calculate - to the delight of our customers and to the annoyance of the tax office. As managing director of smartsteuer, Stefan keeps the team together with his harmonious nature and focuses it on the common goal: the simplest tax return.
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