What are some of the most popular effective cold remedies

Get rid of a cold quickly: home remedies for a flu-like infection

Sore throat, runny nose and cough: Mostly a flu-like infection is behind it, triggered by viruses. Not to be confused with the real flu, influenza. You can find out how to get rid of the common cold quickly here.

Adults are hit two to four times a year on average, and children even more frequently. A cold is very annoying and you want to get it over with as quickly as possible. But one saying makes it clear that this only works to a limited extent: A cold lasts seven days without treatment, one week with treatment, is it [called.

But nobody has to suffer unnecessarily, because cold symptoms can be alleviated quite well. Those plagued by a sore throat, runny nose and cough can therefore positively influence the course of their flu-like infection. Find out which ones here Household and cold remediesare helpful in controlling your symptoms so you can feel better faster. Severe sore throats that do not go away can indicate tonsillitis. A doctor can assess whether treatment is needed.

Which home remedies can alleviate an infection?

The following mediumhave proven themselves in flu-like infections to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing:

  • Inhale, douche, gargle
  • red light
  • Cold tea
  • Cold bath
  • over-the-counter medications

The blocked nose and inflamed sinuses can be freed and moistened by inhaling water vapor with additives. Overhead steam baths or inhalation with inhalation devices are suitable for this. You can use essential oils from eucalyptus, mountain pine, or spruce. Herbs such as sage, chamomile or hay flowers are also suitable. You can also find cold oil or balm in stores, which are intended for rubbing on the chest and back, as well as for dissolving in hot water and inhaling. Put the additives in a bowl of boiling water and let it cool down to about 50 degrees. Then hang a towel over your head and slowly inhale the rising steam through your mouth and nose for about five minutes. When inhaling with an inhalation device, you should also let the water cool down briefly.

They are also suitable for clearing the nose and sinuses Nasal irrigation using a Nasal douche. To do this, mix table salt or sea salt with water: The ratio is 500 milliliters of water to a level teaspoon of table salt without additives such as iodine or fluorine. You can get nasal showers in drugstores.

With a higher dosage, salt water is very suitable for Gargle. This can be used to fight a sore throat, because the salt works against viruses and bacteria in the throat.

Red light:
In addition to inhalation, exposure to red light is very effective in loosening mucus that has stuck in the sinuses. Red light lamps are available in electronics stores.

Cold teas:
Tea infusions based on anise, fennel, eucalyptus and ivy are good for relieving cold symptoms. Thyme and sage in particular help against sore throats. You can gargle these infusions lukewarm - they have an anti-inflammatory effect and can kill germs. Commercially available cold teas with a herbal mixture are also suitable. Also cut smaller ginger Infused with boiling water is good for a sore throat. Studies have shown that the pungent substances contained in the root have anti-inflammatory, expectorant and analgesic effects. Ginger also strengthens the voice.

Cold bath:
A full bath only makes sense if you don't already have a fever. In this case, additional heat puts an additional burden on the organism. Bath additives such as oils based on menthol, eucalyptus, camphor, spruce or pine needles improve blood circulation and clear the airways.

Danger: In children under two years of age, essential oils should be avoided because cramps, shortness of breath and even respiratory failure can occur. Camphor, in particular, has to be kept out of the reach of children because, if ingested in large quantities, it can cause severe nerve damage, among other things. Essential oils are also not tolerated by all adults. When symptoms such as coughing or shortness of breath occur, your mucous membranes become excessively irritated. Then do without essential oils. This also applies to allergy sufferers and asthmatics.

The cold bath should not be too hot, but should correspond to your body temperature - 35 to 38 degrees are ideal. You can do the baths several times a week for around 15 minutes.

And give the good old one a trychicken soup. It is a helpful companion for cold infections.

Not a home remedy, but absolutely essential: take it easy.Calm and warmth are now the most important thing, especially for children. Two to three days of bed rest help ensure that the infection can be cured properly.

Cold medication:

There is no such thing as a cold or flu medicine that will make you healthy. Only the body can do that. Preparations from pharmacies that are declared as cold remedies can neither eliminate nor shorten the infection. These are demonstrably empty promises made by the manufacturers of such drugs. Above all, you should avoid combination preparations. They often contain various active ingredients that you don't all need, but which put unnecessary strain on your body because there are too many or the combination is not suitable. In the case of a cold, cough, headache or aching limbs, it makes more sense to take the active ingredients individually and thus target-oriented for each symptom.

Nasal sprays:
Decongestant nasal sprays are suitable so that you can breathe better through your nose, especially when sleeping. However, these must not be used for too long because there is a risk of addiction. You can also use the lower-dose nasal sprays for children - they also work, but are less aggressive on the mucous membranes. The pressure on the ears, which one sometimes has during a cold infection, is also usually reduced by nasal drops that are decongestant. Such nasal sprays are also useful in the event of an otitis media to keep the connection between nose and ears free. Salt-based nasal sprays are suitable for moistening the dried-out mucous membranes.

Cough suppressant:
Coughing comes and goes with common cold infections usually by itself. However, sugar-free cough drops help to increase the flow of saliva and moisten the dry throat. In turn, the body's own substances that fight pathogens are found in saliva.

According to the Stiftung Warentest, the effectiveness is different Cough suppressants insufficient evidence (pentoxyverine and dropropizine). The cough suppressant effect of dextromethorphan, however, has been well documented. Agents with this active ingredient are therefore suitable for dry, irritating cough without sputum for a short-term intake in the evening before going to bed.

For so-called Cough removerthat loosen the slime, according to Stiftung Warentest, there is also no sufficient evidence. The study situation on these funds is therefore inconsistent. It has not yet been sufficiently proven that coughs actually go away faster with the preparations than without them. This could most likely still apply to the active ingredient acetylcysteine. If the cough does not go away with the remedies for more than four to five days, the experts advise going to the doctor.

Pharmacy-only preparations with active ingredients such as aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen and diclofenac help with headaches and body aches. All four active ingredients also lower fever. You can take the tablets for a short period of time over a few days according to the package insert. However, prolonged use of such agents puts a strain on your organs. Without a doctor's consultation, these agents can only be used for a short time. Asthmatics can react to ASA with an asthma attack and should therefore also consult a doctor if they have no experience with the active ingredient.

Ointments with essential oils for rubbing the chest can have a relieving effect on breathing.

How can I prevent a cold?

Cold viruses attack our respiratory tract. There are around 200 different ones. We transmit the pathogens through droplet infection when sneezing or coughing and through skin contact. To that extent is regular hand washing an effective strategy to reduce the number of viruses several times a day. To do this, you should wash your hands thoroughly with soap for around 30 seconds, including between your fingers, and then dry them well. Disinfectants are not necessary. On the other hand, reduce the amount of handshakes. Also, try to avoid touching your face as little as possible, as this will allow viruses and bacteria on your hands to enter your body through the mucous membranes of your eyes, nose and mouth.

You can your strengthen your immune system and adjust their bodies to temperature fluctuations by doing regular Alternating showers do (always cold at the end), go to the sauna or do Kneip cures. In addition, exercise in the fresh air makes sense because it stimulates the circulation and metabolism, you get enough oxygen and your body gets used to different and cold temperatures. Also important is the effect of dry heating air to defuse in closed rooms. Every now and then, put wet towels on the radiators and ventilate them twice a day.

Good to know: Intense sniffing can cause you to unintentionally press secretions into your sinuses. Sometimes the viruses and bacteria contained in the mucus settle there again. In addition, the pressure that some people exert on the vessels when blowing their noses loudly is sometimes too strong, which can lead to nosebleeds.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.