Is entrepreneurship applicable to small businesses
|DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION|
on the Social Entrepreneurship Initiative - Creating an 'Ecosystem' to Promote Social Enterprises as key actors in the social economy and social innovation
The European Parliament,
- having regard to the communication "Shaping a job-intensive recovery" (COM (2011) 0173) from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 18 April 2012,
- having regard to the working document of the Section for Internal Market, Production and Consumption on the Communication "Social entrepreneurship initiative - Creating an 'ecosystem' to promote social enterprises as key players in the social economy and social innovation", INT / 606 of 22 February 2012 from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions,
- having regard to the Commission proposal of 8 February 2012 for a Council Regulation on the Statute for a European Foundation (COM (2012) 0035),
- having regard to the Commission proposal of 20 December 2011 for a Public Procurement Directive (COM (2011) 0896),
- having regard to the Commission proposal of 7 December 2011 for a Regulation on European Social Entrepreneurship Funds (COM (2011) 0862),
- having regard to the Commission communication of 25 October 2011 "Social entrepreneurship initiative - Creating an 'ecosystem' to promote social enterprises as key actors in the social economy and social innovation" (COM (2011) 0682),
- having regard to the Commission communication of 25 October 2011 on a new EU strategy (2011-14) for corporate social responsibility (COM (2011) 0681),
- having regard to the Commission communication of 13 April 2011 "Single Market Act - Twelve levers to promote growth and confidence. Together for new growth" (COM (2011) 206),
- having regard to the Commission communication of 27 October 2010 'Towards a Single Market Act. For a highly competitive social market economy "(COM (2010) 0608),
- having regard to the Commission proposal of 6 October 2010 on a European Union program for social change and innovation (COM (2011) 0609),
- having regard to the Commission communication of 3 March 2010 "Europe 2020 - A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth" (COM (2010) 2020),
- having regard to the Commission proposal of 6 October 2011 for a regulation on the European Social Fund and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1081/2006 (COM (2011) 607),
- Having regard to the Commission communication of 16 December 2010 "European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion: A European Framework for Social and Territorial Cohesion" (COM (2010) 0758),
- having regard to the publication of the United Nations Development Program and the EMES European Research Network of 2008 "Social Enterprise: A new model for poverty reduction and employment generation" (1),
- having regard to the EESC exploratory opinion of 26 October 2011 "Social entrepreneurship and social enterprise" IN / 589,
- having regard to its resolution of 19 February 2009 on the social economy (2),
- having regard to his written declaration No. P7_DCL (2010) 0084 of March 10, 2011,
- having regard to its resolution of 13 February 2012 on the statute for a European cooperative society with regard to the involvement of employees (3),
- having regard to Rule 48 of its Rules of Procedure,
having regard to the report of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs and the opinions of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (A7 0305/2012),
A. whereas the social economy, which accounts for 10% of all European businesses, i. H. 2 million companies and more than 11 million workers in the EU, which is 6% of the total working population in the Union, contributes significantly to the European Social Model and the Europe 2020 Strategy;
B. whereas various historical developments have resulted in legal frameworks for all types of business, including social economy and social enterprise, which vary widely across Member States;
C. whereas most social economy companies are not covered by a legal framework at European level and only in a few Member States at national level;
D. whereas the consequences of the current social, economic and financial crisis as well as demographic change, in particular the aging population, are a challenge for social security systems, including state and voluntary pension insurance, and therefore innovative social assistance systems should be promoted in order to to ensure adequate and decent social security;
E. whereas the Single Market Act and the Europe 2020 Strategy - both of which aim to promote meaningful, sustainable and inclusive growth, thereby increasing the number and quality of jobs and reducing poverty - are closely linked, and whereas social enterprises, through their innovation potential and appropriate response, can make a significant contribution to social issues;
F. whereas the Commission sees social economy actors and social enterprises as drivers of economic growth and social innovation with the potential to create sustainable jobs and to promote the integration of vulnerable groups into the labor market;
G. whereas the Commission's proposal for a regulation on the European Social Entrepreneurship Fund and the Social Change and Innovation Program (PSEI) should be welcomed;
H. whereas social enterprises can provide social services, which are key factors in a welfare state, and thereby contribute to the achievement of common goals for the European Union;
I. whereas social enterprises struggle to raise finance in order to expand and therefore need specially tailored support, such as social banking, risk-sharing instruments, finance or (micro) loans from charities, especially micro-enterprises and SMEs ; whereas in this regard the EU structural funds and programs play an important role in facilitating access to finance for social enterprises, including those with high investment intensity;
J. whereas most social enterprises support policy reforms by promoting good governance, particularly through the involvement of workers, customers and stakeholders, and encouraging mutual learning and social innovation, thereby meeting the growing demand from citizens for an ethical, social and comply with environmentally friendly corporate behavior;
K. whereas social enterprises, through their character and specific way of working, contribute to the creation of a more solidarity-based, democratic and active society and often offer - and should offer - favorable working conditions and equal pay for equal work and support and support equal opportunities for women and men thereby enable the compatibility of private and professional life;
L. whereas the Commission's proposal to add disadvantaged persons as a new category for reserved contracts is noted;
1. Welcomes the communications of the Commission "Initiative for social entrepreneurship" and "Shaping a job-intensive recovery" with recommendations for national governments to improve the framework conditions for social enterprises that can lead to new opportunities and jobs, for example in the rapidly growing health sector and social welfare (the so-called white sector) and the environment (the so-called green sector) - two areas that offer new opportunities for the social economy and the economy in general;
2. Declares that the social economy is part of the eco-social market economy and the European internal market and points to its high resistance to crises and its viable business models; Stresses that social enterprises often seek to address social and human concerns that are not - or insufficiently - taken into account by economic operators or the state; Stresses that jobs in the social economy are more likely to remain local;
3. Declares that a social enterprise, regardless of its legal form, is a company that
a) Achieving measurable, positive social impact in accordance with its articles of association, articles of association or any other articles of association as a primary objective, with the company
- provides services or goods to vulnerable, marginalized, disadvantaged or excluded people and / or
- chooses a way of producing its goods or providing its services that embodies its social objective;
b) uses its profits primarily to achieve its primary objectives, rather than distributing them, and has established procedures and rules in advance for any exceptional distribution of profits to shareholders and owners so that such profit distributions do not undermine its primary objectives and
c) is managed in a responsible and transparent manner, in particular through the involvement of workers, customers and / or stakeholders affected by its business activity;
Recommended actions for the different types of businesses
4. Emphasizes that the activities carried out in the various social economy sectors by volunteers, especially young professionals who bring their enthusiasm and newly acquired qualifications, as well as older people with a wealth of experience and solid knowledge, make an important contribution to economic growth, solidarity and social cohesion and give many people a meaning in life; therefore calls for recognition and adequate financial and structural support at local, national and European level;
5. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to ensure that social enterprises are not put at a disadvantage by other types of enterprise which "pick" the lucrative sectors as "the cherry on the cake" in the social economy; points out that these are mainly urban areas, so other less profitable areas, mostly rural or peripheral areas - where logistics are more expensive - have fewer and lower quality services; Stresses that users should be able to choose from a wide range of service providers;
6. Emphasizes the importance of a strategy and measures to promote social entrepreneurship and innovative social enterprises, particularly with regard to young and disadvantaged people, in order to give entrepreneurs better and easier access to EU and Member State programs and funding ; calls for adequate support for the continuation of the Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs program in order to improve its attractiveness and visibility in the social economy; recalls, however, that self-employed entrepreneurship must be accompanied by adequate supervision;
7. Notes that there is great diversity in the social economy sector; Stresses that the development of new framework regulations at EU level should be optional for businesses and must be preceded by an impact assessment in order to take into account the different social business models in all Member States; Stresses that any action should have EU-wide added value;
8. Supports initiatives at EU level to expand and strengthen the already highly developed sector of associations in various Member States; calls for a European statute for associations to complement the existing legal provisions at Member State level;
9. Welcomes the Commission's intention to present a proposal to simplify the regulation on the statute for a European cooperative society;
10. Welcomes the Commission's study on the situation of mutual societies in Europe with close involvement in the sector; Stresses that mutual societies should be recognized by a European statute as a separate and important actor within the European economy and society; Emphasizes the usefulness of a European statute in facilitating cross-border activities for mutuals; calls on the Member States that have not yet introduced a national statute for mutual societies to do so;
11. Welcomes the Commission's proposal for a regulation on the Statute for a European Foundation (4);
12. Recalls that in communication COM (2004) 0018 the Commission committed itself to twelve specific actions to support the development of cooperatives and regrets that so little progress has been made so far; Calls on the Commission - in line with the 2004 initiative - to make ambitious proposals for further measures to improve the conditions for the operation of cooperatives, mutual societies, associations and foundations, thereby supporting the development of the social economy in general;
13. Welcomes the adoption of the revised catalog of EU state aid rules in relation to social and local services and calls on the Commission to further clarify these rules in order to make them easier to understand and understand for local and regional authorities, particularly with regard to social enterprises to make it applicable;
Companies that serve or have a social impact
14. Emphasizes that social enterprises provide vital services of general interest (SSGI); Points out that such companies are often based on, or closely linked to, civil society organizations, voluntary organizations and / or charities that provide personalized services aimed at meeting basic human needs, particularly those of users in vulnerable situations Organizations have; Points out that social enterprises often stand between the traditional private and public sectors in providing public services such as public procurement;
15. Believes that the concept of corporate social responsibility should be viewed separately from that of the social economy and social enterprise, although some business enterprises with activities of essential social responsibility may have a strong interaction with social entrepreneurship;
Financial perspectives - improvement of the legal and tax framework
16. Believes that the "European Union Program for Social Change and Innovation 2014-2020", with its microfinance and social entrepreneurship scheme, contributes to efforts to improve access to microcredit for micro-enterprises in the social economy guarantee while addressing the diversity of social enterprise funding needs;
17. Believes that various financial instruments - such as the European Social Entrepreneurship Fund, the European Venture Capital Fund and the European Angels Fund (EAF) - are needed to improve access to financial markets for social enterprises;
18thunderlines the need to support social enterprises with sufficient financial resources at local, regional, national and EU level and refers to the corresponding resources in the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 (such as European Social Fund, European Regional Development Fund and European Program for Social Change and Innovation, Research and Innovation Program and Horizon 2020); explicitly calls for support to social enterprises, especially those that promote high quality employment, combat poverty and social exclusion and invest in education, training and lifelong learning;
19. Stresses that access to EU funds must be facilitated while at the same time allowing adequate flexibility at Member State level, and that funding opportunities should be made available and accounted for in a transparent manner, and organizational, administrative and accounting requirements should also be simplified;
20. Points out that the introduction of new forms of financial support will be preceded by an analysis of the current instruments so that their effectiveness can be checked and therefore considers it necessary to provide instruments which allow the social impact of investments to be measured and to compare to encourage the development of a more transparent investment market;
21. Considers it necessary to create conditions under which social enterprises can achieve financial independence and start business;
22. Believes that good governance, based on funding mechanisms subject to adequate monitoring and transparency, is necessary to maintain the focus on social entrepreneurship and social enterprise;
Action, support and promotion
23. Calls for a comparative study, initiated by the Commission and carried out in cooperation with social enterprises, on the various national and regional legal frameworks across the EU and on the working conditions and characteristics of social enterprises, including their size, number and areas of activity, as well as on national certification and Labeling systems;
24. Stresses that social enterprises vary widely in shape, size, line of business, finances and collaboration; Notes that there are social enterprises that are leaders in their field and that have sufficient capacity for their own development, while others need the know-how to set up, develop and run them;
25. Believes that in order to strengthen the competitiveness of social enterprises across the EU it is necessary to encourage the building of clusters for social innovation, the added value of which goes beyond the local area; Believes, moreover, that social enterprises, if given appropriate incentives, can make an important contribution to the employment of skilled workers aged over 50 who are no longer part of the labor market;
26. Supports the Commission's proposal to set up a multilingual, widely available and user-friendly online platform for social enterprises, including: Enable peer learning and the exchange of best practices, encourage the development of partnerships, facilitate the exchange of information on access to finance and training opportunities and serve as a network for cross-border cooperation; calls on the Commission and the Member States to take social enterprises into account under the open method of coordination;
27. Supports the European Commission's proposal to set up an Expert Group on Social Entrepreneurship (GECES) to monitor and evaluate the progress of the measures foreseen in Communication COM (2011) 0682;
28. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to examine whether the introduction of a "European social label", which is to be awarded to social enterprises for better access to public and socially innovative procurement without infringing the competition rules, is appropriate and desirable; suggests that companies that have been awarded such a seal of approval should be regularly checked for compliance with the provisions on which the seal of approval is based;
29. Calls for public procurement rules in the EU based on the "best value offer" principle rather than the "lowest cost" principle when it comes to the award of services for services;
30. Calls on the Commission to ensure a better understanding and better knowledge of social enterprises and the social economy and to increase the visibility of both by promoting scientific research, inter alia, under the 8th Framework Program (Horizon) and one publish regular activity reports on social enterprises and their social performance; Calls on the Member States to heed the Commission's call for proposals so that reliable statistics on social enterprises are produced by the national statistical institutes;
31. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to include social enterprises in action plans for employment and social inclusion and supports the introduction of a 'European Social Entrepreneurship Prize' to recognize its social impact;
32. shows that social enterprises need a maximum of support and acceptance by means of sensitization, not least by highlighting the advantages, and not only of a purely economic nature and calls for a broad information campaign - supported by the Commission, the member states and the social partners - to be carried out by the launch of a widely available multilingual website that provides citizens with quick and easy information on social products and services;
33. Calls on the Member States to examine the benefits of including the principles of social economy, social entrepreneurship and social responsibility in the content of school, university and other educational curricula and in lifelong learning programs in order to help develop Contribute to social and civic skills and to support job placement in social enterprises; Also calls on the Commission and the Member States to support traditional and internet-based social entrepreneurship education and to encourage closer collaboration between social enterprises, business enterprises and academics in order to increase awareness and understanding of social enterprises and to tackle any stereotype that may exist becomes;
34. Believes that the introduction of a common European framework for data publication will provide clearer and more useful information on investing in social enterprises;
35. Welcomes the Commission's commitment to examine the extent to which social enterprises could be given access to dormant patents to encourage their development and hopes that concrete action will be taken in the near future;
36. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.
At the beginning, reference should be made to the subtitle of the European Commission's communication of 25 October 2011 on the "Initiative for Social Entrepreneurship", as it describes the complex objectives of the EU in a welcome compact form:
Creating an “ecosystem” to promote social enterprises as key actors in the social economy and social innovation.
The goal formulated here includes both the recognition of the existing structures and the opening up to new, innovative forms in the social economy - both will be necessary in the future if we place the challenges in the social area in the context of the Europe 2020 strategy and its want to successfully implement primary tasks. Here are two cornerstones of this European concept:
A. It is undisputed that we are facing a steadily growing need for social services, e.g. in the health and care sector - if only because of the demographic changes towards an aging society.
B. Europe is striving for economic growth to increase global competitiveness with potential for new jobs - according to mutual prognoses, these are to a large extent in the “green and white economy”.
The conclusions from this show the correctness of the political agenda pursued by the EU: from the 2009 resolution on the social economy to the 2012 Social Investment Fund to the Social Entrepreneurship Initiative.
In contrast to many other sectors of the economy, social entrepreneurship requires additional financial instruments. Appropriate measures at national and regional level should follow the Commission's initiatives as soon as possible.
In order to enable a rapid development of social entrepreneurship, combined with targeted promotion of the people and organizations committed to it, the report of the European Parliament presented here strives to create framework conditions that are as precise and clear as possible, as well as open and preserving opportunities, for the next one, which is under new auspices Phase of the European social economy.
The report also acknowledges that this phase ahead should be accompanied by a high level of innovation and thus also by experiments, the success or failure of which will be assessed by the EU institutions together with the member states within a foreseeable period. From this, the concrete conclusions for corresponding optimization steps and measures can be drawn, through which the long-term development of social entrepreneurship can then be efficiently continued.
In short: orderly framework conditions and radius of action should at the same time preserve the space for diversity and plurality where it already exists or create where it has been missing up to now.
The key measures proposed by the Commission can be a useful basis for this, e.g. a cartography of social entrepreneurship in Europe, the creation of a certification database or extensive information platforms for mutual learning. Likewise, the creation of some kind of seal of quality for social enterprises should be very conducive to further development.
Two aspects are often brought into conflict with one another:
1. The definition of social entrepreneurship and its self-image include terms such as non-profit status, social benefit, social and environmental impact and factors such as increased profit repatriation or models of employee participation as well as principles of openness and transparency.
2. The basis of the desired prosperous development of social entrepreneurship is the generally accepted conviction that social enterprises are an integral part of the eco-social market economy in the European internal market; Social entrepreneurship also requires orderly competition that leads to constant quality improvement and efforts to achieve efficiency.
On the other hand, this report aims to ensure that these two aspects contribute to the positive development of social entrepreneurship, side by side and with one another.
A quote from a slogan from an Austrian welfare organization (relief organization) aptly sums up the common understanding:
"Anyone who needs help deserves performance."
Ad "orderly competition": A specific feature of social services is the fact that they are often offered more cheaply in metropolitan areas than in rural areas (reasons: logistics density, travel routes, etc.). Here, of course, there must be no competition without rules, so that profit-oriented people concentrate on individual areas and others change towards “poor services for poor people”.
For the next phase of development, it is also important to pay special attention to social banking, as it is already extremely efficient in Austria (e.g. Second Sparkasse) to help many people in social emergencies.
Social franchising models also deserve detailed consideration in the future with regard to their possible status as social entrepreneurs of this type.
So let's get down to work to develop social entrepreneurship to the maximum. Because:
The future starts now!
|OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (19.6.2012)|
The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy asks the lead Committee on Employment and Social Affairs to incorporate the following proposals in its motion for a resolution:
2. Stresses that social enterprises vary widely in shape, size, line of business, finances and collaboration; Points out that there are social enterprises that are leaders in their field and have sufficient capacity for their own development, while others need the know-how to set up, develop and run them;
3. Believes that the definition of social enterprise in the communication on the social entrepreneurship initiative is a positive step towards recognizing the specific nature of this type of organization; calls for this description to be used by all EU institutions; stresses the need to use this definition in the draft regulation on EU funding for the social entrepreneurship initiative; also insists that the three main dimensions that make up a social enterprise - social purpose, entrepreneurship and a management style that encourages participation - be taken into account;
4. Emphasizes that the term "social enterprise" is clearly linked to democratic corporate governance that fully supports economic democracy, stakeholder participation, transparency and change management in companies and is in line with the principles of the European Union, the OECD and the United Nations; Calls on the European Commission to take these considerations into account when analyzing and identifying best practices and reproducible models, and when creating a public labeling and certification database for social enterprises in Europe that will make them more visible and comparable, as well as in to take into account their proposals for improving the legal environment;
5. Considers it necessary to create the conditions under which social enterprises can achieve financial independence and start doing business; Points out that in many Member States social enterprises are forced by financial mechanisms and by restricting procurement activities to focus on raising loans and funds from public institutions rather than improving the quality of their services or products, which would contribute to their own competitiveness ; Stresses the need to improve access to debt and equity instruments at the relevant stage of enterprise development, taking into account the specific way social enterprises operate;
6. Believes that in order to strengthen the competitiveness of social enterprises it is necessary to encourage the building of clusters for social innovation, the added value of which goes beyond the local area; Believes, moreover, that social enterprises, if given appropriate incentives, can make an important contribution to the employment of skilled workers aged over 50 who are no longer part of the labor market;
7. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to take the necessary measures to give social enterprises an equal opportunity to participate in public procurement;
8th.Welcomes the Commission's approach to simplifying accounting principles for SMEs, making savings even more effective;
9. Believes that the introduction of a common European framework for data publication will provide clearer and more useful information on investing in social enterprises;
10. Believes that the problems in the social enterprise market are, on the one hand, a lack of appropriate know-how and, on the other hand, a lack of attention to the specific characteristics of social enterprises and that it is therefore important, not just, where appropriate, to have international knowledge At the level and within the individual Member States, but also to ensure that advice, training - including initial and advanced training - and information is provided against this background; Believes that supporting and promoting social enterprises can make the most of their growth potential and their ability to create social value;
11. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to develop vocational training programs, also based on the use of communication and information technologies, aimed at businesses providing social services and / or producing goods and services for vulnerable population groups are determined;
13. Supports the communication foreseen in the possibility of encouraging social enterprise participation in the public procurement market; in this context, calls on the Commission to take measures to encourage the use of social clauses or tenders limited to companies employing disadvantaged people;
14. Welcomes the Commission's intention to examine the extent to which social enterprises could be given access to dormant patents to encourage their development and hopes that concrete action will be taken in the near future;
15. Calls on the Commission to take the necessary measures to ensure that social enterprises have better access to the standards developed by the European standardization bodies;
RESULT OF THE FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE
|OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (28.6.2012)|
The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection asks the lead Committee on Employment and Social Affairs to incorporate the following proposals in its motion for a resolution:
1. Acknowledges that social enterprises have the potential to be important drivers of innovation and, as such, to provide answers to current social and economic problems and to make a decisive contribution to cross-border cooperation and thus to support growth in the sector; advocates, therefore, the development of a supportive and harmonized legal framework that promotes the organizational diversity of social enterprises, does justice to the specific nature of their activities, and provides financial support that is better suited to social entrepreneurship and social enterprises, in particular for SMEs, which gives you Promote growth and its sustainability;
2. Believes that good governance, based on funding mechanisms that are adequately monitored and transparent, is necessary to do justice to social entrepreneurship and social enterprise;
4. Welcomes the proposal on microcredit to support European SMEs;
5. Stresses the importance of the contribution of social enterprises in all areas to strengthening social cohesion and inclusion, as well as understanding and meeting the needs of consumers in general and vulnerable consumers in particular; Stresses that while social enterprises are essentially geared towards meeting social and charitable needs, they also strive to meet the growing needs of citizens for ethical and more respectful behavior in relation to people, the environment and nature, social standards and sociality to meet;
6. Calls on the Commission to take action aimed at the general public to improve knowledge and confidence in social enterprise activities and to encourage the general public to actively promote this type of entrepreneurship;
7. Calls on the Member States to promote, stimulate and develop social economy enterprises by removing barriers to social enterprise development and growth, promoting training and professional reorientation in social economy enterprises and increasing support for social enterprise entrepreneurs;
8. Emphasizes that social enterprises, through the nature of their activities and their specific way of working, help to create a more solidarity-based, democratic and 'active' society, which leads to the creation of jobs and sustainable and inclusive economic growth, in particular by promoting solidarity and sustainability, social cohesion and inclusion, solid and quality jobs, equal opportunities for women and men, the reconciliation of work, family and private life;
9. Believes that corporate social responsibility and 'social entrepreneurship' are two mutually complementary aspects of the same policy strategy and should therefore be developed in a coordinated manner without duplicating the efforts made by Member States;
10. Believes that the reform of EU public procurement rules is a good opportunity to expand compliance with social standards and increase social enterprise participation in and access to public contracts; Welcomes the social services regime proposed by the Commission as part of the revision of the public procurement directives and stresses the importance of this instrument for local buyers to be able to offer quality services that strengthen social cohesion;
11. Takes note of the Commission's proposal to add disadvantaged persons as a new category for reserved contracts; Emphasizes the potential of the new provision on reserved procurement to promote innovative, social and territorial development, while recognizing the principles of competitive procurement;
12. Asks the Commission to carry out a careful impact assessment in order to develop a long-term strategy to protect social and environmental goals and to increase the participation of social enterprises in public procurement without hindering the competitive award of contracts or creating incentives for the rules bypass; Calls on the Member States to remove barriers to the start-up and development of economic activities by social economy enterprises, in particular with regard to the implementation of administrative procedures.
RESULT OF THE FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE
|RESULT OF THE FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE|
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