Are there still unexplored countries on earth?
White spots on our earth
Today we know the world right down to its last corner. All continents have been discovered. Even the most remote mountains, lakes and rivers have names. Satellites constantly measure and observe the surface of the earth. And with Google Maps, we zoom in to places anywhere in the world in a matter of seconds. No more secrets left, nothing left to discover?
Only at first sight! In the past, it was easy to identify areas that no human had ever seen or entered. On older world maps from Europe, unknown and unexplored areas were often recorded as "terra incognita": "unknown world".
Seafarers discover our planet
Between the 15th and 18th centuries, however, more and more European seafarers and adventurers traveled to the mysterious spots and thus helped to complete maps. Today, scientists usually explore the earth from the comfort of their desks, using satellite images.
Our planet has actually been well explored from the air. Few people set out with a compass, survival equipment and food supplies in their luggage. That is why there are still places on our planet where no one has ever been.
1: The Amazon Basin
The Amazon basin (1) For example: The dense rainforest there is so difficult to access that large areas have not yet been explored. We only know them from satellite images.
2: The Sahara
Desert regions also belong to the great unknowns, the interior of the Sahara (2) about. Nobody knows what it looks like there up close.
3 & 4: Arctic and Antarctic
This also applies to large parts of the Arctic (3) - such as the interior of Greenland - and the Antarctic (4). And there have already been thousands of climbers on Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world at 8,848 meters.
5: Eastern Tibet
But for many "smaller", 6000 to 7000 meters high erge in Eastern Tibet (5) so far nobody was interested. Most of them are not climbed.
6: The Tepui Mountains
Mighty rocks rise up from the jungle of Venezuela that no one has ever climbed on: the steep walls of the Tepui Mountains (6) are considered to be almost invincible. As table mountains, they are not pointed, but are as flat as tables at the top. Researchers suspect countless unknown animal and plant species on their plateaus.
7: The deep sea
The biggest "white spot" is not on land, but under water: the deep sea (7) , i.e. ocean zones deeper than a kilometer. These make up 62 percent of the earth's surface. Getting there is time-consuming: submarines that can withstand the pressure at depths of up to 11,000 meters are extremely expensive. Large parts of the world's oceans are therefore less explored than the surface of the moon.
Researchers estimate that it will take decades until we really know everything about the earth. So there is still a lot to discover!#Subjects
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