How do wind currents affect the climate?

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City of Suhl - climate / air


 

climate


In addition to the general climatic and atmospheric influences, the regional and local climate of a region is mainly influenced by its surface structure (map; PDF file) and soil and land use (map; PDF file).

The Thuringian climate is characterized by its low mountain ranges, the Thuringian Forest, the Thuringian Slate Mountains, the Rhön and the Harz Mountains. But also smaller mountain ranges, valley or hillside locations as well as plains create very special climatic conditions that play an increasingly important role in weather and climate observation and other areas of application (e.g. regional planning).

The different forms of land use are an important climate-influencing criterion. The heavily sealed areas of the cities have a greater heat potential than areas used for agriculture or forestry and thus have a cooling-inhibiting effect.

As a result of different climate parameters, four Thuringian climate areas can be defined.

The city of Suhl is one of the climatic areas Ore Mountains, Thuringian and Bavarian Forest and Alb and North Bavarian Forest. The region is mild, with a southwesterly wind full of clouds and rainfall. The long-term average of the following climate characteristics prevail in Suhl:

Annual mean temperature5.1 to 8.4 ° C
Annual total precipitation912 to 1,498 mm
Sunshine duration1,390 to 1,452 h / year
Days with a snow cover height of 10 cm or more116
Mostly predominant
Wind direction in open areas
south

Source: German Weather Service



Map:
Mean annual air temperature
30-year mean 1990 to 2019
(PDF file)


Overview Thuringia


 

Emissions


Since 1990, emissions in the Free State of Thuringia have decreased significantly, especially in the industrial and domestic heating sectors. Causes are above all
  • the decommissioning of plants,
  • the use of lower-emission energy sources (switch from coal to gas and oil)
  • the application of modern technologies as well
  • the increase in the legal requirements for issuers.
The air pollutants relevant to emissions for Thuringia can be found in the table.

Pollutant emissions from plants requiring approval for 2008 are shown in the following maps.

Maps for 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004 are stored in the archive.


 

Immissions


The focus of air quality monitoring in Thuringia is currently fine particulate matter PM10, nitrogen oxides and ozone. The Thuringian immission monitoring network is used to monitor air quality in the Free State of Thuringia. The locations of the measuring stations take into account the regulations specified by the EU as well as special site conditions and enable a comprehensive and differentiated assessment of the air hygiene situation in Thuringia.

In addition to the general information obligation of the population, the current air measurement data recorded via the Thuringian immission measurement network serve as an important working basis, e.g. B. for engineering offices or are the basis for necessary activities in air pollution control planning. The measurements also monitor the effects of the measures anchored in air quality and action plans.

Current measured values, the above-mentioned climate scenarios and further information on the subject can be found on the TLUBN website under Service / Current measured values ​​and information services.



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