Can a question be plagiarized

Plagiarism: everything was just stolen

From copyright.de, last update on: May 15, 2021

Not all of us have that Talentsthat are needed to innovative products to develop, creative designs to create or memorable texts to compose. But through that Internet these skills are no longer necessary, because pictures, music and scientific papers are available with just a few clicks. It is not uncommon for these actions to lack this Awareness of injustice and also the question "When is something a plagiarism?" only a few face themselves. The astonishment and horror are all the greater when a warning is issued with high Claims for damages is in the mailbox.

FAQ on plagiarism

Where can I report plagiarism?

It is basically possible to report counterfeit products to the police and customs. For private individuals who have purchased a single item that is worth less than 100 euros, an extensive legal dispute is rarely worthwhile. With dealers from abroad there is also the problem that name and address are often unknown. Therefore, in the case of plagiarism or product piracy, it is usually difficult to find the person responsible.

In the case of plagiarism, do I have to expect a report because of a false affidavit?

Most universities require the submission of an affidavit in their examination regulations for bachelor, master or doctoral theses. In this way, the author ensures that he wrote the scientific work independently and that only the permitted resources have been used. In the case of plagiarism, this declaration is therefore incorrect and the university or the examination office can file a criminal complaint. According to Section 456, the Criminal Code provides for a prison sentence of up to three years or a fine. Most of the time, however, there is no complaint or the proceedings against a fine are discontinued.

How can I avoid plagiarism in academic papers?

Time pressure is often the cause of plagiarism, because in stressful situations the reference is quickly forgotten or slight errors creep in. Therefore, you should always draw up a realistic time and work plan. In addition, create a directory with all sources used and mark quotations and paraphrases as you write.

What is plagiarism?

By definition, plagiarism is one Product or product, which by the Intellectual property theft originated. So it's a Infringement of copyright, patent law or design lawthat with the illegal exploitation of a work.

As a rule, criminal prosecution takes place on the basis of the Interference with moral rights and the Violation of the exploitation rights in plagiarism. The perpetrator is usually aware that he is a makes someone else's work his own and thus violates applicable law.

According to the definition, plagiarism is not always the result of a Copyright infringement. However, many people associate the terms “plagiarism” or “plagiarize” with the above Presumption of external intellectual achievements in the course of scientific work.

Social and political relevance received the subject of plagiarism through the Plagiarism affairs of the former Federal Minister of Defense Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg and the former Federal Minister for Education and Research Annette Schavan. Both became theirs due to errors in the reference to the source Doctorate revoked and they resigned from their offices.

Features: When is plagiarism present?

How difficult or easy it is to identify plagiarism often depends on the Quality of deception together. There are major differences in particular in Counterfeit products, here the spectrum ranges from logos on which not even the brand name is correctly written, to perfect copiesthat only experts can identify as a fake.

Basically, however, draw the following features a plagiarism from:

  • foreign texts, ideas or work results used illegally
  • you will be without a corresponding source or permission accepted
  • it creates the impression that the perpetrator Owner of the respective rights is
  • the perpetrator thereby receives one advantagethat can be financial or other in nature

What sanctions are there for plagiarism?

Basically, a Plagiarism is a punishable offense to be and against different laws violated. Depending on the type of plagiarism are therefore different areas of law affected. Among other things, plagiarism can have the following legal consequences:

  • copyright
    Is the plagiarized work not subject to Public domain, sees the copyright at the illegal exploitation foreign works (texts, pictures, music, ...) sanctions. As a rule, however, a warning is given out of court settlement instead of. In the course of this, among other things, claims for omission, damages and destruction are asserted.
  • Intellectual Property
    If patents, trademarks or designs are forged, the respective rights holder can in particular oppose the Manufacturers and distributors Action. Here too, the Warning with which various claims are enforced. In addition, customs can plagiarize confiscate on import and export.
  • Criminal law
    Sanctions for plagiarism in the Criminal law threaten. This can be the case, for example, if the unlawful exploitation is a Report of fraud entails.
  • Criminal law
    Sanctions for plagiarism in the Criminal law threaten. This can be the case, for example, if the unlawful exploitation is a Report of fraud entails.
  • Employment Law
    If the services provided for an employment relationship are plagiarism, this can also be done labor law implications to have. In addition, the indication of a doctorate - which was acquired through plagiarism - in the application can still be used years later termination without notice and the payment of damages cause it is a wrong statement acted.
  • Employment Law
    If the services provided for an employment relationship are plagiarism, this can also be done labor law implications to have. In addition, the indication of a doctorate - which was acquired through plagiarism - in the application can still be used years later termination without notice and the payment of damages because it is a wrong statement acted.
  • University law
    The universities place the effects of plagiarism in their Examination regulations firmly. For this reason, the penalties differ between different educational institutions. In addition to a Warning or exclusion from an exam can therefore also the Withdrawal of an academic degree be the consequence.
According to copyright and industrial property rights, plagiarism is the Statute of limitations after three years a. In contrast, exists for Cases of plagiarism at universities usually no limitation period. This means that a doctorate can still be withdrawn more than 20 years after it was received.

Plagiarism in Science

As mentioned earlier, many people associate the term “plagiarism” with the Adoption of foreign texts for scientific work. Plagiarism occurs when either consciously or unconsciously on one correct indication of source and the Marked as a quote was waived.

Quotes allow the reproduction, distribution and publication of parts of a work, if these are integrated into an independent and scientific work and thereby for the Explanation of the content contribute. However, this continues Limits of copyright the indication of the author.

Through the Limitation of Copyright will the Copyright limited. As a result, the creator of a work must allow third parties to use it under certain circumstances. In addition to the quotation, these limits include the temporary reproduction through the memory of computers or the Reporting on current events.

Plagiarism: Which forms can exist in scientific papers?

What are plagiarism? This question was already answered at the beginning of this guide, but there is one in science when it comes to plagiarism differentiation instead of. The following list shows which Forms of plagiarismScientific texts - such as term papers, bachelor theses or doctoral theses - are examined:

  • Full plagiarism
    In the case of full plagiarism, the entire work from a third party. This was Literally taken over and filed under its own name.
  • Self-plagiarism
    At a Self-plagiarism or self-plagiarism give students their own work or parts of it for various seminars or subjects from. True are Partial takeovers own work in science is not uncommon, especially if the Research builds on one another, however, these must be given in a correct source reference.
  • Text plagiarism
    Are foreign texts or excerpts from them without a source Literally taken over, there is a text plagiarism.
  • Translation plagiarism
    Also foreign language textsthat for a scientific paper translated must be marked as third-party intellectual property. If these cannot be identified as foreign text by citing the source, this is a Translation plagiarism.
  • unmarked paraphrasing
    Actually lies with one Paraphrase no plagiarism, because it becomes a Facts presented in their own words or explained. However, this technology also needs one Sourcewhich substantiate the information.
Another form of illusion is the so-called Ghostwriting. The work is a Commissioned workby the respective student filed under an assumed name becomes. As a rule, the author receives a previously agreed upon in return Amount of money.

Is there a risk of de-registration in the event of plagiarism?

Colleges and universities usually punish plagiarism harshly, because this is one Attempted deception. The educational institutions determine in their details which sanctions are threatened Examination regulations itself firmly.

It comes in the wake of Plagiarism check to a positive result, the tried cheating as proven, this usually means that the respective Examination failed has been. In addition, in repeated or particularly severe cases, the De-registration threatened with plagiarism.

Some universities also have one fine anchored in their examination regulations, which apply to deliberate plagiarism. In addition, the Withdrawal of an academic degree may be considered a sanction.

In addition to the internal university consequences, plagiarism can also copyright consequences entail. So the original author can through a Warning enforce his claims for omission and damages.

Plagiarism Allegation: What Can You Do?

Insists on one of your work Suspicion of plagiarism, this does not have to lead to the sanctions described above in every case. Whether Objections to the charge worthwhile, however, depends above all on how many plagiarism were to be found or what extent they were.

When lawyers check the allegations for plagiarism, they usually can four reasons for a legitimate objection are present. First of all, the allegation may be one mistake act when the first plagiarism check for example to one incorrect result came.

As a rule, evidence of basic technical knowledge and information relevant to General knowledge count, be dispensed with. You do not have to prove that the earth is round or that the day counts 24 hours. However, lecturers can chalk this up as a mistake and identify it as plagiarism.

In such a case, the examiner may be given a disproportionate severity be accused so that a lawyer can take action against the plagiarism allegation.

As mentioned earlier, the number of plagiarisms found during the check also plays a role. Is it about isolated passagesthat have not been quoted correctly or are missing the source, then it may be a Minor case act. However, there is no information on how high the proportion of plagiarism may be, so that such an appeal can be made Carelessness is possible.

If plagiarism is detected during a check, this does not have to be the case in principle Correctness of the entire dissertation to question. A withdrawal of title can be averted, for example, if the Plagiarism only in the introduction located, the scientific part however, it comes completely from the author. The prerequisite for this special case, however, is that the Work relevant to science is, so one valuable new contribution to research supplies.

Work and Check texts for plagiarism, is now part of everyday life for most teachers. Usually come for it special computer programs for use. The plagiarism is detected by the Comparison with already published texts.

Plagiarism - short and compact

As plagiarism will be both a Infringement of commercial legal protection and counterfeit products as well Copyright infringement understood in the course of a scientific work. In both cases, however, there is a Intellectual property theft and the edition of these works as a separate achievement.

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Plagiarism: everything was just stolen
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