What is communist anarchism

Anarchist Communism Initiative

1. Anarchism + communism = freedom + needs-based economy


Karl Marx's analysis of capitalism can also be helpful for anarchists.

Anarchist communism or communist anarchism combines two claims, two traditions, two criticisms. The criticism of capitalism as a profit-oriented, competition-driven and exploitative form of economy is criticized. This is based on Marxist and post-Marxist theorists such as Marx, Engels, Luxemburg, Adorno, Horkheimer, Marcuse, Thompson, Hobsbawm, Bologna, Tronti, Frederici, Negri, Harvey, Holloway, Roth, etc. And also on large ones Anti-capitalist and communist movements are positively, if not uncritically, related: workers' struggles in the 19th century, Mexican revolution, Russian revoution, anti-colonial liberation movements, etc.

... and anarchism

Pyotr Kropotkin founded communist anarchism and found that the propensity for mutual aid in nature plays an important role in the survival of species.

However, whenever a movement towards repressive party rule has been seen, the struggle is viewed as a failed one: freedom has not been achieved. This is the anarchist moment: oppression, no matter what it is called or legitimized, must be fought. Communist party rule is not freedom. Basic democratic self-determination is required, the right to express one's opinion and to organize is fundamental! Therefore, reference is also made to important anarchist movements, practitioners and theorists: Machno and Machnovchina, the Kronstadt uprising, Spanish anarchism 1936-39, the world revolt in 1968, the anti-authoritarian Nine Social Movements, Michel, Bakunin, Kropotkin, Berkmann , Goldman, Malatesta, Rocker, Mühsam, etc.

Two criteria

Emma Goldman toured the Soviet Union and criticized it from an anarchist perspective and was one of the first to bring feminist perspectives into the anarchist movement.

In addition to a critique of capitalism, there is a critique of domination. Racism, sexism, homophobia, authoritarianism, nationalism and all other forms of oppression must be fought with capitalism. Only together, in an overarching class struggle, can these interrelated forms of rule be overcome. Communism cannot be made with an authoritarian state, anarchism cannot be made with a capitalist market economy.

2. A concrete utopia: anarchist communism

The most industrialized part of Spain and the city of Barcelona were largely anarchist administered from 1936-1939, the trams were painted in the colors of the anarcho-syndicalist union CNT.

An anarchist-communist utopia cannot be state socialism and neither can the (market) law of the stronger. It is a grassroots, self-governing society in which products are produced for everyone according to their needs, by everyone according to their abilities. This is what the slogan “All for all (and for free)!” Means. Modern technology, where it is sensible and ecological, together with the elimination of arms production and the military, enables a society where nobody has to worry about pensions, health care and leisure time. Needs are no longer artificially created and there are no longer any strong rich-poor differences: there will be enough beautiful and individually different apartments, good and culturally diverse food, chic, practical and (sub) culturally diverse clothing for everyone. The right to self-development no longer exists only for a small minority and any dirty work that occurs is evenly distributed among all people. Education is becoming a basic right again, not only for the market and for an elite there is study and teaching. The living space is designed in such a way that everyone likes to liven it up, past the times with villas and private gardens on the one hand and tiny, unpleasant public areas and sardine can apartments on the other. Nature is given more space because people, plants and animals can best enjoy each other in freedom. Illogical and compensatory features of capitalist societies, such as private car-centered traffic, could be overcome. The result would be uninterrupted public transport, much more and better bicycles, fewer traffic fatalities and traffic noise, and child-safe streets as a place of transport, play, and meeting.
Children, the sick and the elderly are taken care of equally and extensively; it does not remain underpaid or unpaid, mainly women. Everyone can establish a balanced, free and materially saturated life. As a result, the societal need for violence is decreasing rapidly and most crimes, property crimes, could disappear altogether. Psychological problems are dealt with adequately, so psychopathic and pedophilic tendencies can be recognized early and healed in a humane way. Social assimilation does not have to mean equality in everyday life; colorful, genuine individuality can only develop with the abolition of the profit-oriented economy.

3. A concrete way: Communist anarchism

The Zapatista are 100,000 poor farmers in Mexico who govern themselves on a grassroots level and work with other movements around the world and act in solidarity.

For Marx, communism is not an ideal state to strive for, but a momentary, real movement. Anarchist communism also sees itself as a living working class tradition. Something that is happening now, which is kept secret in the media and school books, but is still visible again and again: Whenever people come together to protest against exploitation instead of hunching up and stepping down.
Some not explicitly anarchist-communist concepts of anarchism or communism overlap: Many anarchists see the rejection of capitalism as an important part of their idea, many communists are anti-authoritarian. Nevertheless, in our opinion it makes sense to explicitly call oneself communist-anarchist or vice versa: This tradition relates positively to platformism, the anarchist lessons from the Soviet suppression of the Machnovchina movement in Ukraine, where hundreds of thousands of people waged their free society of the Russian Revolution. The teachings contain a certain analytical and methodological consensus to strive for, because otherwise the often overdeveloped anarchist movement treads on the spot and can be too easily played out. Platformist groups try to bring the various social movements (environmental, women, LGBTTIQ, workers, tenants, etc.) together and radicalize them. They try to support the emancipatory movements with their analyzes, to prevent being played off against one another, to initiate campaigns and are also aware that they are and will probably remain a radical minority. Accordingly, no claim to leadership is made, but tries to establish an emancipatory culture together with the other victims of exploitation.