Who was a great astronomer
Top 10 astronomers
Stephen Hawking (Stephen William Hawking) was a British astrophysicist and author of popular science books (including "A Brief History of Time"), who has made a name for himself primarily with his work on the Big Bang, black holes and quantum physics and worldwide as a physics genius in a wheelchair celebrated. He was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England and died on March 14, 2018 at the age of 76 in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire.
Carl Friedrich Gauss(1777–1855)
Carl Friedrich Gauß (Johann Carl Friedrich Gauß) was an outstanding German mathematician, astronomer and physicist who was revered as the “Prince of Mathematicians” and who made significant contributions to numerous fields of science, including: developed the "non-Euclidean geometry", the "method of least squares" and the "Easter formula". He was born on April 30, 1777 in Braunschweig in the Holy Roman Empire (now Germany) and died on February 23, 1855 at the age of 77 in Göttingen.
Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, philosopher, administrator who, among others. wrote his main work "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" (1687) and researched the force of gravity. He was born on January 4, 1643 in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England and died on March 31, 1727 at the age of 84 in Kensington, London.
Christiaan Huygens was an eminent Dutch physicist, mathematician and astronomer who, among others, founded the wave theory of light and the calculation of probability, invented the pendulum clock and calculated the speed of light at around 213,000 km / s for the first time (1678). He was born on April 14, 1629 in The Hague in the Netherlands and died there on July 8, 1695 at the age of 66.
Johannes Kepler was a German polymath of the 17th century, who did research primarily as a mathematician, astronomer and astrologer. discovered the laws of planetary motion. He was born on December 27, 1571 in Weil der Stadt in the Holy Roman Empire (now Germany) and died on November 15, 1630 at the age of 58 in Regensburg.
Galileo Galilei was an Italian polymath and co-founder of modern natural science, who was primarily active as an astronomer, underpinned the heliocentric world model postulated by Nicolaus Copernicus and got into a violent dispute with the Catholic Church about it. He was born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa, Italy and died on January 8, 1642 at the age of 77 in Arcetri near Florence in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, HRR (now Italy).
Giordano Bruno was an Italian clergyman, philosopher and astronomer with a modern picture of the universe that went beyond the Copernican model and who was sentenced to death by the Roman Inquisition for alleged heresy and magic. He was born in January 1548 in Nola, Italy and died on February 17, 1600 at the age of 52 in Rome.
Tycho Brahe was an important aristocratic Danish astronomer who observed and measured the starry sky for decades, designed his own "tychonic" view of the world (1588) and employed Johannes Kepler as an assistant in his observation center in 1600. He was born on December 14, 1546 at Knutstorp Castle in Svalöv, Skåne in Sweden and died on October 24, 1601 at the age of 54 in Prague in Austria, HRR (now the Czech Republic).
Nicolaus Copernicus was one of the most important astronomers in history and mathematician, who with his main work "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium" (1543) presented his revolutionary heliocentric view of the world (turning away from the geocentric) and located the sun in the center of our planetary system. He was born on February 19, 1473 in Thorn in Poland and died on May 24, 1543 at the age of 70 in Frombork (today Frombork).
Claudius Ptolemy was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and geographer, who wrote down the knowledge of his time in the "Almagest" and with the geocentric view of the earth as the center of the universe, which was named after him as the "Ptolemaic view of the world", the science over 1400 years to The Middle Ages shaped. He was born in Ptolemais Hermeiou in the Roman Empire (now Egypt) in 100 and died in Alexandria in 180 at the age of 80.
Famous astronomers A – Z
Astronomers from A to Z
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