Which president freed the slaves?

Abraham Lincoln: Warlord and Slave Liberator

What did Abraham Lincoln impersonate?

The American dream. The 16th President of the USA came from the smallest of backgrounds and worked his way up on his own - literally from the wooden hut to the White House.

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 near Hodgenville, Kentucky, to a farmer. He said of his childhood and youth that you can find them in the "short and simple annals of the poor": several moves, his mother's death in 1818, hardly any opportunity to go to school. The young Lincoln got by with various jobs and devoted himself to further training with an iron will and discipline - in 1836 he passed the law exam.

What started the American Civil War?

It was Lincoln's election as American President. After the avowed slave opponent Lincoln was elected to the US Congress in 1846 and had been involved in the newly founded Republican Party from 1856, he quickly climbed the career ladder. In 1860 he finally won the presidential election, with the votes of the northern states, for the inhabitants of the south had not the slightest sympathy for the man whose attitude to slavery they knew and hated.

The conflict between the slave-holding, agrarian southern states and the industrialized north had long since simmered. When Lincoln came to power, he broke out openly. The southern states declared their exit from the Union, a war broke out that dominated politics in the first term of office of the president.

Was the civil war about the liberation of slaves from the beginning?

No. As a Christian, Democrat and humanist, Abraham Lincoln was an opponent of slavery and made no secret of it. As a politician, however, he did not initially go so far as to demand the release of the slaves. Not only because he would not have had a chance of winning the elections, he also adhered to the right of individual states to regulate their internal affairs themselves, i.e. without government influence.

Nor did he start the war to free the slaves - his only concern was to preserve the Union and thus to protect the economic interests of the north. Had the Union been able to be restored in the first year and a half of the war, Lincoln would have been ready to accept the existence of slave and non-slave states and to work on a solution that would gradually set the slaves free in agreement with the southern states dismissed.

How were the slaves freed?

By law. The decisive factor for this were strategic reasons. The north was not making good progress militarily, there was no telling that the south would give up and be ready for peace negotiations. The South had to be brought to its knees, and that included destroying its economic base, slavery. This led to the "Emancipation Proclamation," which came into force on January 1, 1863 and was supplemented by two constitutional amendments in 1865.

In terms of war, this gave the Union the opportunity to recruit slaves and increase its troops. Not to be underestimated was the psychological effect that Lincoln used for propaganda purposes: The soldiers were now fighting for human rights, they went to the battlefields to free their black brothers.

Why Was Abraham Lincoln Murdered?

Because he was pursuing a policy in favor of blacks. In 1864, Lincoln ran again and won the election. On April 9, 1865, the southern states surrendered. On April 14, Lincoln attended a performance at Ford's Theater in Washington and was shot dead. His announcement to give African Americans the right to vote allegedly angered actor John Wilkes Booth so much that he put a bullet in the head of the president.

By the way: Lincoln's death begs the question: What would have happened if ...? Would Lincoln have pushed the rebuilding of the destroyed south more strongly and thus avoided the economic backwardness of the southern states, which led to a deep rift between the north and south of the USA? Would he have insisted that the rights of the former slaves also be enforced? The blacks in the south had to wait almost 100 years before they could really all go to the polls.

Did you know that …

Lincoln changed his stance on the slave question in a very short time? In March 1861 he declared: "I do not intend, directly or indirectly, to attack the institution of slavery in the states in which it exists." We must free the slaves or we will be subjected ourselves. "

the American Civil War triggered by the election of Abraham Lincoln was the first modern mass war in world history?