What are the road traffic rules for cyclists
The most important traffic rules for cyclists
When do you have to use the cycle path, when can you ride next to each other and what happens if you don't follow the rules? Here are the most important cycling rules for a safe start to the season.
Of course, nobody needs a driver's license to ride a bike. If you make mistakes, you still put it at risk. Because there are also strict regulations for cyclists - and equally strict penalties. Here is the overview.
Alcohol limits on the bike
If you have alcohol in your blood, of course, you leave the car behind. But the same should apply to bicycles. Even then, however, there are high fines and even the driver's license is at stake. A criminal complaint may arise from 0.3 or more per mille. And cyclists who are caught with 1.6 per mille or more must expect three points in Flensburg, a fine and going to the medical-psychological examination (MPU).
Driving on the road
Simply driving on the street is not always allowed: cycle lanes and cycle lanes that are marked with a solid broad line and the round blue signs with a stylized bicycle must be used. Unless the path is objectively impassable - this applies if it is blocked by parked cars or garbage cans, for example.
Sign "Cyclists Free" has its pitfalls
This compulsory use is becoming more and more frequent: in some cities, for example, in many cases the blue signs have been removed and in some cases replaced by the additional sign "Cyclists free" on a signposted sidewalk. Those who drive there have to adapt to the speed of pedestrians, who also have priority.
Watch out for pedestrians
This is also the rule for shared footpaths and cycle paths. Protective lanes with interrupted lines are also not cycle lanes; cyclists still have to use them because of the right-hand driving law.
When children are allowed to drive on the sidewalk
Different rules apply to children who ride a bike: They have to use sidewalks up to the age of eight, after which they are allowed to do so up to the age of ten.
Driving side by side
For some time now, cyclists have been expressly allowed to ride side by side. However, you must not obstruct other road users. That means: there has to be enough space left for cars to overtake, for example. What cyclists should consider in this context: From now on, drivers have to keep a safe distance of 1.50 meters when driving past in urban areas - this was not so precisely stipulated until now. This ensures more safety for cyclists, but also limits their options for riding side by side.
Parents who ride their children around on cargo bikes are a familiar sight on the streets. So far, however, only kids up to the age of seven were allowed to ride. This was not the case only for children with disabilities. In the revised StVO, there will generally no longer be an age limit for passengers on bicycles designed for passenger transport. However, the Ministry of Transport emphasizes: The person behind the wheel must still be at least 16 years old.
Don't go in the wrong direction
Cycling in opposite directions is only permitted if they are approved for both directions with the additional sign "Radverkehr frei" or a cycle path sign. Otherwise, a fine of 10 to 15 euros may be due. Incidentally, this amount also applies to prohibited cycling on sidewalks. In some one-way streets, cycling in the opposite direction is permitted if an additional sign indicates this.
A special feature of road traffic is the bicycle road, on which cyclists are allowed to ride side by side. It can also be released for other vehicles using an additional symbol. If necessary, motor vehicle traffic must further reduce speed.
The "permeable cul-de-sac" sign is relatively new. It says that a sidewalk or cycle path continues when it is no longer there for drivers.
Cyclists face these fines
|Bicycle without light or defective light||20 Euros|
|Signposted cycle path not used||from 20 euros|
|Drive on the signposted cycle path in the wrong direction||from 20 euros|
|Right-hand drive disregarded||from 15 euros|
|Unauthorized cycling on the sidewalk||55 euros|
|Cycling next to each other and thereby hindering others||from 20 euros|
|Drive hands-free||5 euros|
|Enter the wrong way into the one-way street||from 20 euros|
|Missing bell / defective brake||15 to 25 euros|
The e-bike has to be on the road
With the so-called e-bikes, a distinction is made between pedelecs (25 km / h fast) and S-pedelecs (45 km / h fast). The same traffic rules apply to pedelecs for which neither a driving license nor an insurance license plate is required as for conventional bicycles. S-Pedelecs, on the other hand, count as motor vehicles in road traffic law and have no place on city bike paths.
When a cyclist is liable for an accident
If there is an accident between the cyclist and the car driver, the car driver is usually also liable. This applies even if the cyclist rode in violation of the traffic regulations. This is due to the so-called operational hazard of the car, which is fundamentally more dangerous than a bicycle. However, if the cyclist is at considerable fault, this joint liability from the operational risk can also be dispensed with.
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