What is the Indian judicial administration

This is how the justice department works

If you want to go to the judicial authority, you should know better where exactly you can find it. "Richtweg 16-20" is the address, but from the outside there is little evidence of the seat of the Bremen judicial administration. In the doorbell of the unadorned four-story building there is an equally inconspicuous nameplate under two private names: “Senator for Justice and the Constitution”. To the right of it, on the glass entrance door, the same lettering. Small letters in light color, easy to miss too.

Whoever enters ends up in a narrow, winding staircase. Where elsewhere, for example in the tax authorities, the architecture at this point is inspired by Art Deco and Expressionism, the eye falls on a sign: "Smoking is not permitted in the entire office building". The note on the left on the wall on a plexiglass pane is less obtrusive: “3. Senator State Council floor ". At the top, a narrow corridor leads to another door. Safety glass, doorbell and intercom - done, here it has to be, the seat of the Justice Department.

Only 40 people work in the senatorial authority on Richtweg. Strictly speaking, the 17 employees from the IT department also belong to it, but they were relocated to the justice center on Ostertorstrasse. The authority, which is divided into four departments, is responsible for 1,370 full-time positions in the courts, public prosecutor's offices, in the correctional facility and in social services. The only exception to this is the professional group that is most likely associated with the judiciary - judges. In purely formal terms, they are subject to the supervision of Department 3 of the department, which is responsible, among other things, for criminal law and criminal procedure law as well as official supervision, but there is no authority to issue instructions. “The courts are independent, they are not docked anywhere,” explains Sebastian Schulenberg.

Schuleberg is head of Department 2 and is therefore responsible for constitution, public law and civil law. His area of ​​responsibility includes, for example, legislation at the state level, in particular advising the other departments on constitutional issues. "We see everything that is going on in Bremen in terms of laws and check whether it is constitutional." The legislative procedures in the Federal Council are also processed in this department.

Department 4, responsible for the penal system, the social services of the judiciary and alternatives to imprisonment, is the cross-sectional department of the authority. Its director, Kerstin Ashauer, sums up her area of ​​responsibility to a catchy denominator: “From in front of the prison to the back of the prison”. This includes not only the correctional facility (JVA) in Oslebshausen, the probation service or the supervision of conductors, but also the cooperation with independent agencies to avoid imprisonment or reintegration. Not to forget the criminological service, which acts as a kind of scientific backup for the prison. And this also internationally. Under the question “How are other countries doing it?”, The service deals with topics such as radicalization, extremism and terrorism. “Our creative department,” explains Schulenberg. "You can develop things there, run projects and set accents."

The department is completed by the central department 1. Personnel concepts are developed here (“How many judges does the regional court need?”), Budget consultations are carried out, the judiciary's properties are managed and the conversion of the courts to electronic files is promoted, explains department head Stephan Jacobs.

Lots of tasks for a department with such a straightforward organizational chart. Right at the top, Senator for Justice Claudia Schilling (also Senator for Science and Ports, office not in Richtweg, but in Katharinenstrasse), including State Councilor Björn Tschöpe (SPD), then the four department heads and finally one to two handfuls of employees for each department, often one-man - or one-woman presentations.

“A small, powerful group,” says Schulenberg. What could be an advantage: Extremely short official channels, good information flow, only a few hierarchical levels - in Bremen many things work much more quickly than in the other federal states, Schulenberg is sure. And adds with a wink: "We are the fastest Ministry of Justice in the republic."

On the other hand, “Justice” in Bremen is always seen a bit like an appendage, says Kerstin Ashauer. Both internally and in the public eye. This can be seen, among other things, in the variety of tasks that the respective senator has to cope with (article on the right). "That does not do justice to the importance of this authority." Bremen has to ask itself where one wants to go with the justice department, added Schulenberg. While other federal states are only beating out bills, proactive judicial policy in Bremen is only possible selectively.