What do Iranians overseas think of Zoroastrianism?

Basic knowledge of Islam 2020 (27-31): Migrations - people, ideas, diseases

The lectures will be recorded. You can find the recordings here about two weeks later.

The lectures will take place online via Zoom, without prior registration. If you have not installed Zoom or do not want to install it, open the link, answer "Open zoom.us.app?" with Cancel and select the option "Log in with your browser". Directly from zoom: Meeting ID: 918 2919 3752; Passcode: 917230. Mac users use a different browser instead of Firefox.

Zoom link: https://lmu-munich.zoom.us/j/91829193752?pwd=bTkxVjVqQ3U3VlhpaXF6ak03eit3dz09

Basic knowledge of Islam 27 - Yemeni Jews and migration: classical and other narratives

Dr. Kerstin Hünefeld (Hebrew University, Jerusalem), Tuesday, November 10, 2020, 6.15 p.m., Zoom-Online

“Operation magic carpet” is one of the first hits when you ask Google about the keywords: Jews, Yemen and migration. You can also read about the complete “exodus” of the Yemeni Jews “on eagle wings” or even their “flight” to the State of Israel founded in 1948 during the early 1950s on the Internet. At the same time, it is noticeable that to this day there have been media reports that are devoted to the migration of the “really last Jews” from Yemen, which raises questions about why one previously had the impression that there a) no Jews there for a long time there is more and b) all Yemeni Jews have migrated to Israel.

In my lecture I would like to explore with you what this main narrative is all about, and also give insights into other contexts in which the migration or non-migration of Yemeni Jews plays a role. These include those who have more to do with Muslim-Yemeni discourses than the Yemeni Jews themselves, or, as far as manifestations of Jewish life are concerned, go in completely different directions than were represented in Yemen itself, when there were many more Jews than today. For example, did you know that Yemen is the only country that had a Jewish kingdom outside of ancient Israel? Or do some Jews who grew up in Yemen themselves mainly speak Yiddish in their everyday lives today?

Basic knowledge of Islam 28 - Sugar, milk and fire: how the Parsis (Zarathushtrians) came to India and what they tell about it

Dr. Michael Stausberg (University of Bergen), Tuesday, November 17, 2020, 6.15 p.m., online zoom

The religion of Zarathushtra, also known as Zoroastrianism, was the dominant religious tradition in the Iranian cultural area until the early Islamic period. In response to the Islamization of Iran, smaller Zoroastrian communities established themselves on the west coast of India, in Gujarat. In India, the Zarathushtrians are known as Parsis (Parsis).

This lecture is intended to shed light on the establishment of the Parsi settlements. On the one hand it is about historical events and constellations, on the other hand it is about the identity formation of the Parsis, as it is constructed with the help of historical narratives. In the lecture we will take a closer look at the story of Sanjān by a Zoroastrian priest from 1599, which outlines a remarkable scenario of assimilation and retention.

Basic knowledge of Islam 29 - Images circulate quickly, people migrate slowly. Yemen in the age of drone technology

Dr. Bettina Gräf (LMU, Munich), Tuesday, November 24, 2020, 6.15 p.m., online zoom

Much is different in this pandemic. What remains the same for now is the military use of drone technology to monitor and kill people identified as terrorists. My lecture will introduce the topic using the example of drone operations in Yemen. Furthermore, I will speak from a cultural studies perspective about the connection between technology, migration and media and shed light on the role of image and sound recordings.

Basic knowledge of Islam 30 - The Armenian Diaspora: Past and present of a horrified ’community

Dr. Mihran Dabag (University of Bochum), Tuesday, December 8, 2020, 6.15 p.m., online zoom

The Jewish philosopher and media theorist Vilém Flusser sought to characterize the existential situation of communities after the experience of persecution, displacement and genocide, life in exile and diaspora, with the term "being appalled". Based on this characterization, the lecture will examine the almost thousand-year history of the Armenian diaspora, the different phases of community formation, its dynamics and changes, as well as the (re) construction, questioning and transmission of community-building and community-supporting identifications. Last but not least, the lecture would also like to discuss the concept of “diaspora” itself and critically question the changes and uses of the term in the various disciplines.

Basic knowledge of Islam 31 - Epidemics in the Islamic world of the Middle Ages: how the heirs of Hippocrates dealt with infectious diseases

Dr. Peter Pormann (University of Manchester), Tuesday, December 15, 2020, 6.15 p.m., online zoom

Infectious diseases have been known since time immemorial: Homer's Iliad begins with a plague and Thucydides gave a clinically precise description of the plague of Athens. In the so-called Corpus Hippocraticum, a collection of writings ascribed to Hippocrates of Kos, there is a work entitled Epidemics, which was often commented on, not least by the greatest Roman doctor, Galen von Pergamon (129-216). This classical legacy also formed the basis of how ideas about epidemics developed in the medieval Islamic world.

And here we have a paradox: Although Greek, Roman and Arab doctors were aware that there were epidemics, they still largely rejected the idea of ​​"contagion" (Arabic ʿadwā). Theological discourse is also characterized by a similar ambivalence. An influential saying (ḥadīṯ) of the Prophet Muḥammad is that there is ‘no contagion’ (lā ʿadwā). But he is also said to have said that one should ‘flee from lepers like a lion’ and not go to or leave an infected area.

In the lecture I will first discuss the Greek heritage and its mediation in the world of Islam. Then I will discuss some examples from the rich Arab Hippocrates commentary tradition to show how the Greek ideas are reinterpreted. In the third and last part of the lecture I will illuminate the theological discussions.

organization: Munich Middle East Mediterranean Central Asia Center (LMU Munich) in cooperation with the Society of Friends of Islamic Art and Culture e.V. and the German-Turkish Society of Bavaria e.V.