What are the characteristics of porcelain tableware


Porcelain can be found in almost every household. It has become an integral part of our daily life, as we use it for a wide variety of products in our everyday life. We usually encounter it in the form of dishes. But how is porcelain actually made? Here you can find out everything about the origin, properties and care of the classic.

Porcelain tableware and more - you should know that:

  1. These properties make porcelain special
  2. How is porcelain made? Origin and production of the material
  3. From the bathroom to the kitchen: the daily use of porcelain
  4. Care tips: How to clean your porcelain dishes properly
  5. frequently asked Questions

1. These properties distinguish porcelain

The obvious traits are that they are strong shiny surface and the pure white color. Porcelain is when you hold it up to a light source, slightly transparent. Besides, it is extremely firm and can withstand loads of up to five tons - an important property for the catering sector. porcelain does not conduct electricity, which is why it is used as an insulator for high-voltage systems, for example. And the material shows one on the Mohs scale hardness from 8 to: For all its delicacy, porcelain is physically harder than steel. Because of these practical properties, porcelain is used in many different fields.

Porcelain - the right material for dishes

The hygienic smooth and resistant Glaze makes porcelain the ideal material for tableware, which is invulnerable to acids. Porcelain dishes can be easily and completely cleaned of food and drink residues. The material is both cut- as well as scratch resistant as odorous and tasteless. In addition, the warmth of food better and longer save as, for example, metal or glass. All of these properties make porcelain the ideal companion in the kitchen.

Can my china be put in the oven?

In principle, the material is fireproof, so porcelain cannot harm 200 or 250 degrees Celsius in the oven. High-quality goods from renowned manufacturers can therefore be put in the oven. If the goods are of inferior quality, the porcelain plates or cups in the oven can crack or even burst when exposed to high heat. So always pay attention to the manufacturer's information. The same goes for use in the microwave. Porcelain is very resistant, but not infinitely resilient. If you take a porcelain bowl out of the freezer, you shouldn't put it straight into the oven. Even porcelain cannot withstand such extreme temperature fluctuations.

2. How is porcelain made?

Porcelain belongs to the ceramic family and consists of china clay, called kaolin, quartz and feldspar - these are mixed, shaped and then fired. Depending on the ratio of the three minerals to each other, a distinction is made between hard-paste porcelain and soft-paste porcelain. The surface is smoothed with a glaze.

Porcelain is often provided with decorations: This can be done either with printed decorative foils or, as with Royal Copenhagen, with elaborate hand-painting. After the final firing process, the final colors are very different from the colors that were previously applied to the porcelain.

From China to Meissen - where did porcelain originate?

The name porcelain goes back to the Italian word "porcellana", which was originally used to describe the cowrie shell. The snail shell of this sea snail is reminiscent of porcelain with its smooth, shiny casing.

The material has no European origin, but was developed in China. When porcelain was imported to Europe in the 13th century, the Chinese kept their recipe for Chinese soft-paste porcelain to themselves. So Johann Friedrich Böttger developed the European hard-paste porcelain while trying to produce gold. The Meissen Manufactory was the first manufacturer in Europe, and many more followed.

3. From the bathroom to the kitchen: the daily use of porcelain

Because of its positive and diverse properties, porcelain is used in various areas of our daily life. We encounter it in the bathroom in the form of a washbasin or a tile. As a decorative or collector's figure, we find porcelain in the showcase and as a vase or jewelry it beautifies our day. Lyngby Porcelæn offers a storage option with its bonbonniere with a corrugated structure. The Bjørn Wiinblad porcelain figure is available to match the four seasons. There are also unusual designs such as the Fitting # 3 table lamp in porcelain design.

We are particularly familiar with the use of porcelain as tableware. You can find minimalist designs at Kahla or Rosenthal. The Thomas porcelain is modern, functional and colorful. In addition to the classic tableware, you will find hand-painted porcelain with playful decor from Royal Copenhagen. Probably the best-known and oldest design of the brand is the Blue Fluted decor with filigree decorations in the typical cobalt blue, which also became the model for the subsequent designs. Whether classic, colorful or playful, the numerous shapes and decors offer versatile possibilities to furnish your rooms stylishly and individually.

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4. How to clean porcelain dishes?

With a special polishing agent, you can seal the surface and keep the beautiful shine for a long time. Wash basins, tubs and other parts made of porcelain can shine in new splendor by wiping them with a damp cloth and using a mild cleaner.

Limescale stains can be removed with a cloth and diluted vinegar cleaner or lemon juice. Then rub the dishes or sink dry so that the limescale does not come back. An environmentally friendly and effective measure to take care of your porcelain.

Can my chinaware be put in the dishwasher?

With porcelain tableware you should always use the Manufacturer's information Be careful, not everything can or should be cleaned in the dishwasher. Real porcelain is stable and durable and can, for example, be put in the dishwasher on a gentle cycle. Unfortunately, corners and decors on sensitive and thin materials can break or fade. Valuable collection cups, vases or decorative plates are sensitive and the cleaning tabs could attack the material. So you should always do this carefully rinse by hand.

5. Frequently asked questions about porcelain

How do I recognize porcelain?

Hold your piece up to the light: high-quality porcelain appears slightly transparent in the light and has an aesthetic shimmer due to the glaze.

How do porcelain and ceramics differ?

Porcelain is a subspecies of ceramics. While ceramic consists mainly of coarse clay, porcelain consists mainly of the china clay kaolin. This gives the porcelain its typical properties: In contrast to ceramics, porcelain is slightly translucent, lighter than objects made of clay and less prone to knocks or knocks, as it is very hard due to its high kaolin content.

Anyone who buys porcelain tableware invests a lot of money. Usually this is only served on special occasions. Plain ceramic dishes are used every day and are not that expensive. However, ceramics break faster and can splinter even with a small mishap.

How do I know the value of my porcelain?

Estimating the value of a piece of porcelain is not easy for a layperson. Porcelain is provided with a certain trademark, which allows conclusions to be drawn about the manufacturer, the series or the year of manufacture. Old brand china, for example, is very valuable. The condition is also important: the better it is preserved, the more valuable the porcelain. Online as well as buying and selling antiques, you can find individuals or companies who can appreciate the value.

Why is porcelain also called white gold?

Many people used to claim they could make gold. This also included Johann Friedrich Böttger. Instead of gold, he and Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus discovered how porcelain can be made. That is why it is also called white gold.

Why do porcelain cups have a notch on the bottom?

When using dishwashers, the notch is used to drain the water so that it does not collect on the floor.