Playing the guitar will improve your IQ

study Does music make children smarter?

This was proven by the studies in which children who played music were compared with children who did not pursue any hobby such as dancing or sports. However, Koelsch also confirms that music lessons do not let the grades in math and German skyrocket. The best support for arithmetic and reading is just math and German lessons.

Making music shows versatile effects

The great thing about music, however, is that it tickles many skills out of the children, says Stefan K├Âlsch in his research. For example, it has a positive effect on children's language skills.

Together with his colleague Sebastian Jentschke, Koelsch found out why this is so: the sounds of instruments and human language are very similar. Our brain reacts to language and tone sequences with almost identical activity patterns. Scientists suspect that the human brain does not seem to make any essential distinction between musical and linguistic information. Active music-making can provide a stimulus for development. However, the effects are minor and can also be achieved, for example, through reading training. But there is more to music, Koelsch is convinced:

Music promotes perception, attention, memory, intelligent thinking, sensorimotor functions, emotion and also social functions.

Dr. Stefan Koelsch

The new meta-study does not clearly contradict this either. In the end, she admits that music lessons can be beneficial for children to improve their social skills and self-esteem. And certain elements of music lessons, such as arithmetic music notation, could be used to facilitate learning in other disciplines. So does music make you smart after all? At least the thesis stimulates a professional debate that is likely to continue. Even after evaluating 54 studies with 7,000 participating children, the authors of the meta-study do not come to a final conclusion and justify it with the fact that there are still too few studies on this.