What does the Koran say about water

World water dayAnd Allah sends rain

As before every prayer, the Muslim first expresses his intention to wash himself, then he pronounces the prayer formula: "In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful".

Only then does the actual ritual cleansing begin, which is prescribed in every detail: first the hands are washed, then the mouth and nose are rinsed, then the body parts follow: face, forearms, head, ears, neck and feet.

Only then is the believer ready for prayer. In addition to this so-called small ritual washing, in Arabic "wudu", Islamic teaching also knows the great ritual cleansing "Ghusl". This is done, for example, after sexual intercourse.

But what does a Muslim, a Muslim woman, do when there is no water for the ritual washing and there is no bath house "Haman" or a mosque with a fountain? Rahel Schomaker, professor of economics in Cologne and author of the essay "Water as a religious and cultural asset in Islam":

"We know that the prophet also recognized there how people have to live under everyday necessities. We can substitute water when we purify ourselves for prayer, this prayer is also perfectly valid. The clean sand, the clean earth can do that Replacing water in cultic purity, but not in our lives. In this respect, what the prophet said about water saving, the avoidance of waste will certainly also apply there. In case of doubt, the use for the survival of the people and subordinate the use for cultic purity, because that is to be brought about differently. "

Water as a miracle of God?

However, there are different ideas about what a valid ritual cleansing is between the different denominations of Islam.

In the hadiths, the traditions about the prophet Mohammed, there is an abundance of regulations on how to perform large and small ablutions, says Professor Rahel Schomaker:

"The hadiths mention water as a miracle of the prophet. The prophet, who gives water to his followers, who gives water to his faithful. The water in the hadiths is mentioned as a miracle of God, which can fight the devil. It is reported specifically about the ablution, like it The ritual washing has to be carried out as the prophet himself did. We see water in the hadiths as a prohibition of overuse, of waste, when the prophet specifically says what is forbidden: urinating in standing water and wasting the ablution in prayer There is a famous hadith that says no prayer will be accepted without a valid ablution. "

Modern forms of water management in Islam in advance?

So one can hardly overestimate the importance of water in Islam, especially since the religion originated in arid desert regions of Arabia. Rahel Schomaker:

"The Koran itself is like water. You can immerse yourself in it, you can be embraced by it. God himself is like the ocean that surrounds us, that cleanses us, in which we plunge into a belief. And maybe says all about the fundamental spiritual meaning. God himself, who sends the water from heaven, who does not let the rain fall, but sends it down, as he sent down the Koran. "

The Muslims of all colors agree on one thing: water is a gift from God and in oriental culture and tradition also an expression of wealth: mosques, palaces, gardens that have water not only as a decorative element, but also as a symbol of abundance with reference to Islamic paradise.

However, the prophet urges a responsible use of this vital resource. The economist Rahel Schomaker:

"One hadith says that water has to be shared and it has to be allocated in a certain amount, for the use of humans, for the use of cattle and only afterwards subordinate to all uses. Which certainly describes a modern form of water management."