What are the types of antonyms

What are antonyms?

Antonyms are terms in a word field that mean the opposite of each other. An antonym always expresses the exact opposite of a word.

Examples:
  • big - small
  • Day Night
  • open - close

Antonyms and parts of speech

If you are looking for an antonym for a word, you always have to make sure that it belongs to the same part of speech:

  • Noun: child - adult
  • Verbs: wake up - fall asleep
  • Adjectives: good - bad

Antonyms always have to belong to the same part of speech!

The formation of antonyms

There are several ways to form antonyms:

  1. Antonyms as own words: hungry - full
  2. Negation with U.N- as a prefix: grateful - ungrateful
  3. Negation with Not: pregnant - not pregnant

In most cases there is a separate word for the respective antonym (option 1).
You seldom have to do this Not or U.N- To fall back on.

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Antonyms prepositions

Opposites can also be expressed with the help of prepositions:

  • The vase is on the table.
    The vase is under the table.

  • The boy runs behind the girl.
    The boy runs in front of the girl.

  • He votes for the proposal.
    He is voting against the proposal.

Antonyms adverbs

You can also form antonyms with adverbs:

  1. He's running up the mountain.
    He's running down the mountain.

  2. The car drives fast.
    The car goes slowly.

  3. She often goes to sport.
    She rarely goes to sport.

Differentiate between antonyms, synonyms and homonyms

In addition to the antonyms, there are other forms: the homonyms and synonyms. Do you want to know more? No problem!
Check out the following video:

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