Why does an orchestra tune into A.

Which instrument usually sets the tone when a large orchestra is in tune?

Did you know that the oboe plays an important role in an orchestra? At first glance it resembles other instruments, for example a clarinet. But when all the musicians in an orchestra play their part, the oboe sets the tone: the A.

This is because it has a particularly clear and penetrating sound. The other instruments are therefore based on it. The oboe has been played for hundreds of years. The name comes from French. Translated it means high or high-sounding wood. That describes the slightly nasal sound of the instrument quite well.

Music instead of garbage - that is the motto of a very special orchestra. It comes from the country of Paraguay. The children and young people play on instruments made from rubbish. The musicians have also performed in Germany.

A man with glasses and black hair begins to count: "Un, dos, tres." Then the orchestra starts. Violins can be heard, a saxophone can be heard, guitars and cellos. That sounds like a normal orchestra rehearsal at first.

In this case, however, it is about an extraordinary orchestra: because the musicians play on instruments made from rubbish. It is the "Orchestra of Cateura Recycling Instruments".

The young musicians come from Paraguay, a country in South America. Your village is on the outskirts of the capital Asunción, right next to a huge garbage dump. This is called Cateura. All the rubbish in the city is dumped there.

The people in this village are very poor and have little prospect of a better future. However, 14 years ago a man named Favio Chavez had a great idea: making instruments out of trash. Actually, Mr. Chavez is a waste expert. But now he is conducting the orchestra and has already traveled the world with the musicians.