It takes imagination to learn something
What happens in the brain when learning?
From school books to long-term memory | © freshidea - Fotolia.com
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Much of the information absorbed by the brain is lost after a few seconds. The short-term memory can only be reached by the brain link with saved prior knowledge can. But many of them are also deleted after 20 minutes at the latest.
Everything that we still kept after an hour has already migrated into long-term memory. But what actually happens in the brain during learning, and how do we keep information and learning content in our memory for a long time, even for longer than an hour?
This is what happens in the brain when learning
External stimuli trigger the activation of the synapses via the sensory cells. The information is then passed on from nerve cell to nerve cell via this. The more synapses and nerve cells that are activated, the more deeply the information is anchored in the brain. The brain stores between 80 and 90 percent of the perceptions that are recorded simultaneously through hearing, seeing and experiencing, right from the start. Who hears something, forgets it - who sees and hears something remembers - whoever does something understands it!
Sustainable learning through imagination
By repeating while learning, the following happens in the brain: The synapses are re-activated regularly. This will make the Increased contacts between nerve cells. Not only memorizing something once, but repeating it every now and then, promotes long-term storage in the memory.
It's even easier if we do that Link learning with stories, pictures or anecdotes and show real interest in the topic. This is because our brain can better remember the content that we focused on intensely while learning and that we can imagine. Therefore, examples relevant to everyday life and creative aids are ideally suited as really sustainable methods of learning for students. If children independently work out the solution by trying them out, this ensures an aha experience that the brain will not forget anytime soon.
But also that Emotionsthat we bring to light through other learning methods than dull memorization, favor the long-term storage of the information in the memory.
We learn better by addressing multiple senses. Very easy with scoyo:
Emotions and associations make learning easier
Do you remember the most exciting book you have ever read? A book that really captivated you? Definitely, because if you are emotionally immersed in a plot and story, you will not be able to forget it anytime soon.
Gabi Reinmann, graduate psychologist and university professor, explains that information is often associated with different perceptions, Feelings and memories connected become. This makes it possible to store newly learned knowledge in long-term memory. In addition, the emotional connection with a story or its fictional people has an effect in the subconscious and also supports the secure storage of knowledge, e.g. B. when sleeping and dreaming.
Speaking of learning while sleeping: In an experiment on spatial learning, Israeli and American researchers observed what happens in the brain during sleep and found that our brain processes new learning content during a dream. This is confirmed by sleep researcher Jan Born, who studies the relationship between sleep and memory. During sleep, the time when the external stimuli for the brain are switched off, the brain processes and filters new information. The learning process works "like in sleep".
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