How did the Soviet Union help Cuba

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International crises

  • Nikita Khrushchev and members of the CPSU meet in the Kremlin in Moscow (source: dpa)

In May 1962, Soviet President Nikita Khrushchev presented his idea of ​​stationing missiles with nuclear warheads in Cuba to the inner circle of the Soviet leadership.

According to Khrushchev, the US had gained a disproportionate advantage by stationing Jupiter rockets in Turkey and Italy. In addition, they were clearly superior in the development of strategic weapons. This could be changed with the deployment of missiles in Cuba. A second motive for Khrushchev is the protection of the Cuban revolution: "After the failure in the Bay of Pigs, the USA will continue, not with mercenaries, but now intervene directly - only nuclear weapons can stop them".

After several debates, the USSR Security Council decides to station nuclear weapons in Cuba. A delegation from the Soviet Air Force and the Red Army travels to the Caribbean island to convey the plans to Fidel Castro. This consults with the Cuban leadership, the "United Revolutionary Organizations", about the proposal. In addition to security concerns about the dangerous nuclear weapons on the island, which automatically becomes the Soviet military base when the weapons are stationed, the positive effects of the Soviet plan outweigh the positive effects of the Soviet plan for the Cubans. They mean a strengthening of the socialist camp and a huge increase in Cuba's defensive strength, which means a deterrent to any invasion from outside. Cuba approves the plan of the USSR.