What is Pentecost and what is its meaning

Meaning of Pentecost

The name "Pentecost" arose from the name given by the Greek-speaking Jews for their harvest festival. They called it "pentekosté", which means "on the fiftieth day". The Greek name developed from the Gothic term "paintekuste" and the Middle High German expression "Pentecost" to its current name. Originally, this Jewish festival, with which the wheat harvest was heralded, took place 50 days after the Passover festival. After the destruction of the Jerusalem temple in AD 70, the meaning changed: on this day the Jews commemorated the annual renewal of the covenant of Israel with God. Since the Acts of the Apostles was also written in the second half of the 1st century, it is possible that the author took up the new meaning of the festival: The Pentecost miracle extends the covenant of God with his people to all of humanity.

The Evangelist Luke describes that at Pentecost the apostles were inspired by the Holy Spirit and were given the ability to tell people with different mother tongues about the deeds of God. Thus the foundation stone for the mission was laid.

Peter inspired the audience with Jesus' message to such an extent that 3,000 were baptized. Thus the first Christian community was founded on Pentecost, and the day became the birthday of the church.

Christians celebrated the fiftieth day after Easter as the end of the Easter season. It has been proven that Pentecost developed into a festival of its own from the 4th century onwards. The early Church focused on the sending of the Holy Spirit.