There are open source online Ruby IDEs

The 5 best IDEs every IT talent should know

The best development environments

An integrated development environment (IDE) is an application that facilitates the development of application software. Ideally, an IDE encompasses and supports all "programming tasks" of an application.

Therefore, IDEs offer a central interface with all the tools a developer needs:

  • Code Editor: A text editor for writing and editing source code. Source code editors differ from regular text editors in that they improve or simplify the writing and editing of code.

  • Compiler: This tool converts source code written in a human readable language into a form that can be executed by a computer.

  • Debugger: This function is used to debug application programs during testing.

  • Build Automation Tools: These tools automate common developer tasks.

An IDE can be a stand-alone application or it can be included as part of a compatible application. Multilingual IDEs like Eclipse, NetBeans, Komodo, Aptana and Geany support several programming languages.

The five most popular IDEs

There are a variety of different IDEs that work in different ways and produce different types of code. There are IDEs that work with a certain language, cloud-based IDEs, customized IDEs for the development of mobile applications or for HTML (web applications) and IDEs that are specially developed for the development of iOS and Mac apps (Apple) or, for example, by Microsoft were.

Eclipse - The universal open source programming tool

The Eclipse development environment is the most widely used Java IDE. The IDE consists of a basic workspace and an expandable plug-in system for customizing the environment. Eclipse is itself written in Java and is mainly used for developing Java applications. With the respective plug-in, the IDE can also be used for the following programming languages: Ada, C, C ++, C #, COBOL, D, Fortran, Haskell, JavaScript, Julia, NATURAL, Perl, PHP, Prolog, Python, R, Ruby (including Ruby on Rails Framework), Rust, Scala, Clojure, Groovy, Scheme, and Erlang. The IDE can also be used to develop documents with LaTeX (via a TeXlipse plug-in) and packages for the Mathematica software. Development environments include the Eclipse Java Development Tools (JDT) for Java and Scala, Eclipse CDT for C / C ++ and Eclipse PDT for PHP.

IntelliJ IDEA - The top tool from JetBrains

The programming environment IntelliJ IDEA is mainly intended for the development of Java programs. This environment was developed in 2001 by the Czech company JetBrains. IntelliJ IDEA is available in two editions: the Community Edition, which is licensed from Apache 2.0, and a commercial edition known as the Ultimate Edition. Both can be used to create commercial software. What sets IntelliJ IDEA apart from its counterparts is its ease of use, flexibility, and solid design.
In 2010, IntelliJ IDEA was voted the best Java-based programming tool. The open source development environment for Android published by Google in 2014 is also based on IntelliJ IDEA. The IDE supports many other programming languages ​​such as Python, Lua and Scala.

NetBeans IDE - Versatile framework for all Java applications

NetBeans is an integrated open source development environment for development with Java, PHP, C ++ and other programming languages. NetBeans is also known as the platform for modular components for developing Java desktop applications. NetBeans is encoded in Java and runs on most operating systems with a Java Virtual Machine (JVM), including Solaris, Mac OS, and Linux.

NetBeans manages the following platform functions and components:

  • User preferences
  • Windows (placement, appearance, etc.)
  • NetBeans visual library
  • Storage
  • Integrated development tools
  • Framework wizard

To simplify software development, NetBeans uses components, also called modules. NetBeans dynamically installs these modules and allows users to download updated features and digitally signed upgrades. The IDE modules include NetBeans Profiler, a GUI design tool, and NetBeans JavaScript Editor.
The reusability of NetBeans frameworks simplifies Java Swing desktop application development, providing platform extensibility to third-party developers.

Android Studio - Official Android IDE from Google

Android Studio is a set of development tools used to develop applications for Android platforms. The Android SDK includes the following:

  • Required libraries
  • Debugger
  • emulator
  • Relevant documentation for the Android application program interfaces (APIs)
  • Sample source code
  • Tutorials for the Android OS

Every time Google releases a new version of Android, a corresponding SDK is also released. In order to be able to write programs with the latest functions, developers must download and install Android Studio of the individual versions for the respective smartphone.

The development platforms compatible with Android Studio include operating systems such as Windows (XP or higher), Linux (any current Linux distribution), and Mac OS X (10.4.9 or higher). The required components of Android Studio can be downloaded separately. Third party add-ons are also available for download.

Apple Xcode - software development for the world of macOS and iOS

Xcode is an integrated development environment that contains a number of software development tools to develop applications for the Apple world. The IDE supports the operating systems macOS, iOS, watchOS and tvOS. First released in 2003, the latest version of the IDE can be downloaded by developers from the Mac App Store for free. Registered developers can download previews and previous versions of the suite from the Apple Developer website.

Conclusion: Development environments enable efficient development

The five most popular integrated development environments make life easier for programmers by providing essential tools. IDEs are used to program code for a specific platform or platforms and have built-in functions that know how the applications work on the platforms. Other functions include compiling, code debugging or intelligent automatic code completion. In addition, IDEs provide a text editor and user interface.