What are the most common social norms

Definition: Difficulties arise in assessing a characteristic or in assessing behavior, which is called normal (conforming to the norm) or abnormal (deviating). In general, normality is equated with frequency: normal is what occurs frequently or is to be expected on average.

A further distinction is made as follows:

1. Statistical N. (see Statistics): Normal is what occurs most frequently in a group or community. Example: In Germany, the most common type of family is a family with two children. Compared to this normal family, families with five children are rare and abnormal;

2. Ideal norm (see ideal) (also social N.): Normal is that which defines a group, community, culture as a desirable state (see social desirability). Example: Having many children is increasingly considered desirable in America. In contrast, in China there is a legal obligation to have a small number of children;

3. Functional N. (also subjective N. (see subjectivity)): Normal is what is appropriate for the individual with regard to his needs and services. Example: According to the criteria of the statistical N. or the ideal norm, lesbian relationships are rather abnormal. From the point of view of the women concerned, however, these love relationships can be experienced as satisfactory and thus functional.