Who is the only Almighty God?
The concept of God in Islam
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Every language contains one or more expressions that refer to God or to other "deities". Muslims only use the word 'ALLAH'.
ALLAH is the personal name of the One True God. Nothing but Him can be called ALLAH. Grammatically, this word has neither plural nor gender. This shows the uniqueness in contrast to the German word 'Gott', from which the plural 'Götter' or the feminine form 'Göttin' can be formed. It is interesting to note that ALLAH, the personal name of God, comes from the Aramaic language (language of Jesus), which is related to Arabic. In Islam, the word ALLAH is used to denote the only true God. He is the Almighty, Creator and Sustainer of the Universe. Nothing is like that and nothing is comparable to that. The Messenger Muhammad (s.a.s.: Sallal-laahu ´alaihi wa sallahm, peace and blessings be upon him) was asked about ALLAH by contemporaries. The answer came directly from God in the form of a short sura of the Qur'an, which reflects the principle of monotheism. This is sura 'Al Ihlas' in the Qur'an:
“Say (oh Muhammad): He is ALLAH, the only one, ALLAH, the Eternal. He does not procreate and is not begotten. And there is no one like him. " (Qur'an 112: 1-4)
Some non-Muslims claim that God is a harsh and cruel God in Islam. He is not loving and not kind. Nothing can be further from the truth than this claim. Suffice it to say that, with one exception, each of the 114 suras of the Qur'an begins as follows:
"In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful".
The Messenger Muhammad (sas) said, “ALLAH is more loving and kind than a mother to her dear child.” But ALLAH is also righteous. Hence, evildoers must have their share of punishment and the virtuous enjoy the reward of ALLAH Allah's quality of mercy fully expressed in His quality of righteousness. People who suffer all their lives because of Him and others who oppress people should not receive the same treatment from Allah. Expecting equal treatment of both groups means denying the responsibility of man for his deeds on earth and in the hereafter and thus the denial of all incentives for a moral and virtuous life in this world. The following ayat (verses) of the Qur'an are very clear and open in this regard:
“Certainly, for those who fear God, there will be the Gardens of Bliss with their Lord. Shall we put the devotees on an equal footing with evildoers? " (Qur'an 68: 34-36)
Islam refuses to characterize ALLAH in any form or shape, or to depict Him in any way. Claims that ALLAH rested on the seventh day, wrestled with one of His soldiers, or that He became flesh in any human being are considered blasphemy from the Islamic point of view. The absolute unity and uniqueness of ALLAH is the innermost core of the message that all messengers conveyed. The association of ALLAH with any deity or other being is the greatest of all sins that ALLAH does not forgive. In contrast, He forgives all other sins if He will. The Creator must have a different nature than His creation. If He were of the same nature, He would have to be temporal and need a Creator himself. It follows:
"Nothing is alike to him." (Qur'an 42:11)
If the Creator is not temporal, then He must be everlasting, i.e. He is not created. Nothing but Him can cause Him to exist. He is self-sufficient. And if His existence does not depend on anyone, then that means that His existence has no end. So the existence of the Creator has no beginning and no end:
"He's the first and the last." (Qur'an 57: 3)
The Creator not only creates things from nothing, but preserves the creatures, takes them out of existence and is the cause of everything that happens to them. However, humans also have personal responsibility for certain behaviors and deeds.
“ALLAH is the Creator of everything, and He is the administrator over everything. He owns the keys of heaven and earth. " (Qur'an 39: 62-63)
“And there is no animal on earth without Allah being responsible for its maintenance. And he knows where he is and where he is kept. " (Qur'an 11: 6)
If the Creator is Everlasting and Eternal, then His attributes must also be. He will neither lose one of his qualities nor acquire a new one. If so, then His attributes are perfect. Can there be more than one Creator with such perfect qualities? Can there be two absolutely powerful creators?
Thinking about it shows that this is impossible. In the Qur'an this argument is summarized in the following Ayat (verses):
“ALLAH did not take any children for himself, and there is no god next to him, otherwise every god would certainly take away what he has created, and one of them would be truly arrogant towards the other. Praise be to Allah, and Exalted is He above what they ascribe to Him. " (Qur'an 23:91)
“If there were gods other than Allah in both of them (heaven and earth), they both would truly be ruined. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Throne! He is exalted above what they ascribe to Him. " (Qur'an 21:22)
The oneness of God
We are reminded in the Qur'an of the non-existence of all supposed gods. Those who worship man-made "objects" are asked in the Qur'an:
"Say: Do you take yourselves besides Him (Allah) patrons who can neither benefit nor harm themselves?" (Qur'an 13:16)
“Oh people of the scriptures, do not exaggerate in your religion and only tell the truth against Allah! al-Masih Isa (Messiah Jesus), the son of Maryam, is only Allah's Messenger and His word, which He gave to Maryam, and Spirit from Him. Therefore believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not say "three". Stop it, it is better for you! Allah is only one God. Praise be to Him, and Exalted is He that He should have a child! Everything in the heavens and in the earth belongs to him, and Allah is sufficient as administrator. " (Qur'an 4: 171)
Attitude of the Believer
It is necessary to be convinced of the oneness of ALLAH in order to be a Muslim, i.e. to surrender to ALLAH. In the sense that he is the only creator and sustainer. However, this belief is not enough. Many of the idolaters knew that only ALLAH was able to do all of these. But they weren't Muslim. In addition, there must be the conviction that Allaah alone is worthy of worship. After having this knowledge of the One God, one must hold fast to it and not allow oneself to move to deny the truth. When a person has this belief internalized in their heart, it creates an internal state that leads to certain actions. These are evidence of true devotion to God.
In the first place of this inner attitude is gratitude towards ALLAH, which is called 'Ibadah' (worship).
A Muslim loves ALLAH and is grateful to Him for the gifts He has given him and a Muslim is aware that all his actions, be they mental or physical, cannot be appropriate to divine grace. He humbly serves ALLAH out of gratitude and out of the awareness of his weakness in relation to the omnipotence of ALLAH. He is aware that the power to maintain and strengthen his conviction comes from ALLAH.
In the Qur'an, the repeated mention of the attributes of Allah increases the feeling of gratitude. Some of these attributes are mentioned in the following aya (verse) of the Qur'an:
"ALLAH! There is no god but Him, the living and constant. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes him. Everything that is in the heavens and that is on earth belongs to him. Who is it that could intercede with Him - except with His permission? He knows what is ahead of them and what is behind them, but they contain nothing of his knowledge - except what He wants. His throne embraces the heavens and the earth, and keeping them does not weigh him down. He is the sublime and omnipotent. " (Qur'an 2: 255)
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