Can bicycles ride on the street?

The most important traffic rules for cyclists

When do you have to use the cycle path, when can you ride next to each other and what happens if you don't follow the rules? Here are the most important cycling rules for a safe start to the season.

Of course, nobody needs a driver's license to cycle. If you make mistakes, you still put it at risk. Because there are also strict regulations for cyclists - and equally strict penalties. Here is the overview.

Alcohol limits on the bike

If you have alcohol in your blood, of course, you leave the car behind. But the same should apply to bicycles. Even then, however, there are high fines and even the driver's license is at stake. A criminal complaint may arise from 0.3 or more per mille. And cyclists who are caught with 1.6 per mille or more must expect three points in Flensburg, a fine and going to the medical-psychological examination (MPU).

Driving on the road

Simply driving on the road is not always allowed: cycle lanes and cycle lanes marked with a solid broad line and the round blue signs with a stylized bicycle must be used. Unless the path is objectively impassable - this applies if, for example, it is blocked by parked cars or garbage cans.

Sign "Cyclists Free" has its pitfalls

This obligation to use is becoming more and more frequent: In some cities, for example, the blue signs have been removed in many cases and replaced in some cases with the additional sign "Cyclists free" on a signposted sidewalk. Those who drive there have to adapt to the speed of pedestrians, who also have priority.

Watch out for pedestrians

This is also the case with shared footpaths and bike paths. Protective lanes with interrupted lines are also not cycle lanes; cyclists still have to use them because of the right-hand driving law.

When children are allowed to drive on the sidewalk

Different rules apply to children who ride a bike: They have to use sidewalks up to the age of eight, after which they are allowed to do so up to the age of ten.

Driving side by side

For some time now, cyclists have been expressly allowed to ride side by side. However, you must not obstruct other road users. That means: there has to be enough space left for cars to overtake, for example. What cyclists should consider in this context: From now on, drivers have to keep a safe distance of 1.50 meters when driving past in urban areas - this was not so precisely stipulated until now. This ensures more safety for cyclists, but also limits their options for riding side by side.

Ride along

Parents who ride their children around in cargo bikes are a familiar sight on the streets. So far, however, only kids up to the age of seven were allowed to ride. This was not the case only for children with disabilities. In the revised StVO, there will generally no longer be an age limit for passengers on bicycles designed for passenger transport. However, the Ministry of Transport emphasizes: The person behind the wheel must still be at least 16 years old.

Don't go in the wrong direction

Cycling in opposite directions is only permitted if they are approved for both directions with the additional sign "Radverkehr frei" or a cycle path sign. Otherwise, a fine of 10 to 15 euros may be due. Incidentally, this amount also applies to prohibited cycling on sidewalks. In some one-way streets, cycling in the opposite direction is permitted if an additional sign indicates this.

Bicycle streets

A special feature of road traffic is the bicycle road, on which cyclists are allowed to ride side by side. It can also be released for other vehicles using an additional symbol. If necessary, motor vehicle traffic must further reduce speed.

The "permeable cul-de-sac" sign is relatively new. It says that a sidewalk or cycle path continues when it is no longer there for drivers.

Cyclists face these fines

Bicycle without light or defective light20 Euros
Signposted cycle path not usedfrom 20 euros
Drive on the signposted cycle path in the wrong directionfrom 20 euros
Right-hand drive disregardedfrom 15 euros
Unauthorized cycling on the sidewalk55 euros
Cycling next to each other and thereby hindering othersfrom 20 euros
Drive hands-free5 euros
Enter the wrong way into the one-way streetfrom 20 euros
Missing bell / defective brake15 to 25 euros

The e-bike has to be on the road

With the so-called e-bikes, a distinction is made between pedelecs (25 km / h fast) and S-pedelecs (45 km / h fast). The same traffic rules apply to pedelecs for which neither a driving license nor an insurance license plate is required as for conventional bicycles. S-Pedelecs, on the other hand, count as motor vehicles in road traffic law and have no place on bike paths in the city.

When a cyclist is liable for an accident

If there is an accident between the cyclist and the car driver, the car driver is usually also liable. This applies even if the cyclist rode in violation of the traffic regulations. This is due to the so-called operational hazard of the car, which is fundamentally more dangerous than a bicycle. However, if the cyclist is at considerable fault, this joint liability from the operational risk can also be dispensed with.

more on the subject

  • Subjects:
  • Automobile,
  • Auto news,
  • Traffic law,
  • Traffic rules,
  • Bicycle,
  • E bike,
  • Pedelec,
  • Fine,
  • Driver's license,
  • motorist